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(6,050 words)

Author(s): Déroche, François
Codicology, the study or knowledge of codices (manuscript books consisting of a series of gatherings, or quires, of sheets), developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Its primary aim is the study of the material aspects of codices, which involves two main tasks. The codicologist’s first task is to analyse all the materials and techniques used to make a manuscript and to date the various techniques and even to locate them geographically. This involves the collection of coherent sets of documents, some of them dated, that shed light on one another. These manuscripts were tran…
Date: 2020-02-11

Manuscripts of the Qurʾān

(13,558 words)

Author(s): Déroche, François
Within the handwritten heritage of the Islamic world (see orthography; arabic script), the Qurʾān occupies by far the most conspicuous place — at least in terms of sheer volume. Until the present day, copyists, amateurs as well as professionals, have devoted much time and effort to transcribing the revealed text by hand. It is therefore no wonder that the topic “manuscripts of the Qurʾān” should cover a wide variety of cases: Qurʾāns are found in one volume ( muṣḥaf, q.v.) or sets ( rabʿa) from two to sixty volumes but also as excerpts, usu-¶ ally connected with prayers (see prayer ). In all t…