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Magians

(779 words)

Author(s): Darrow, William R.
Originally a term for the professional priesthood of the pre-Islamic religious institution in Iran, in qurʾānic usage it is presumably a term for all followers of that religion. The Arabic term translated as “Magians,” (al- majūs) is attested once at q 22:17, a late Medinan sūra (see chronology and the qurʾān ), where the list Jews (see jews and judaism ), Christians (see christians and christianity ) and Sabians (q.v.) attested in q 2:62, now also includes them. The etymology and history of the term and the question whether the Magians are People of the Book (q.v.) are the two large i…