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Bin Bāz

(1,922 words)

Author(s): DeLong-Bas, Natana J.
ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Bāz, commonly referred to as Bin Bāz (d. 1999), was a prominent Saudi religious and legal scholar who served as grand muftī of the kingdom from 1992 until his death. Scholarly sources indicate that he was born in Riyadh, now the capital of Saudi Arabia, in 1912, although his official website gives the year as 1909. Bin Bāz’s family was originally from Medina but moved to Dirʿiyya and then to Riyadh, both of which are in the central province of Najd, the heartland of Saudi scholarship. Although the fami…
Date: 2020-02-11

Wahhabism and the Qurʾān

(766 words)

Author(s): DeLong-Bas, Natana J.
The eighteenth century revival and reform movement founded by the scholar and jurist Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (d. 1206/1792), in the Arabian peninsula. Based on the central qurʾānic concept of tawḥīd (absolute monotheism), Wahhabism called for a direct return to the Qurʾān and ḥadīth for study and interpretation (see sunna; ḥadīth and the qurʾān; tools for the study of the qurʾān). Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb considered the Qurʾān and ḥadīth to be the only infallible (see impeccability ) and authoritative sources of scripture with the Qurʾān, as the revealed word of God (q.v.)…