Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Delafosse, Maurice" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Delafosse, Maurice" )' returned 8 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Sokoto

(850 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
or Sakatu is the name of a town in the western part of the Hausa country, situated on a left bank tributary of the Niger called Gulbi-n-Sokoto, which means in Hausa the river of Sokoto. The town seems to have been of little importance before the xixth century; in any case it was much less known than the other towns of the Hausa, such as Zanfara, Gober or Tessawa, Katsena, Zinder, Kano and Zegzeg or Zaria. It formed part of the kingdom of Gober, which like the other Hausa states then contained very few Muḥammadans, almost all foreigners. The…

Sūdān

(2,970 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
The expression Bilād al-Sūdān properly means “land of the negroes”. It would appear then that the word Sūdān which comes from it ought to mean all the parts of Africa inhabited by negroes. Among Arabs, as well as Europeans, it has become the custom to restrict the application to the northern part of these regions or in a more general way to the area ofsub-Saharan Africa which has been penetrated by Islām. In practice this area is divided into three parts: Western Sūdān, containing the basin of the …

Sōsō

(533 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
— or Sūsū according to the Malinke pronunciation — is the name of a place in the French Sūdān, 125 miles N. N. E. of Bamako, once the capital of a kingdom inhabited and ruled by Sarakolle. The kingdom of Sōsō was originally a dependency of the famous G̲h̲ana empire. It became independent, when, towards the end of the xith century, this empire broke up after its capital had been taken by the Almoravids (1076). The dynasty, then ruling at Sōsō, belonged to a Sarakolle Muslim family, that of the Ḏj̲ariso. It was overthrown about 1180 by a soldier, also a Sarakolle but a pagan, a member of the caste ¶ of sm…

Rabah

(322 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
Zubair-Pas̲h̲a, Egyptian governor of Baḥr al-G̲h̲azāl in 1875, being recalled to Cairo left his son Sulaimān in charge. The latter thinking he was threatened by the hostility of Gordon, then Governor-General of the Sūdān, joined Hārūn, the dethroned sulṭān of Dār-Fūr, in order to rebel against Egypt. His chief lieutenant was a certain Rabah, son of a negress who had been his father’s nurse and was therefore his foster-brother. Gessi-Pas̲h̲a sent by Gordon inflicted a severe defeat on Sulaimān a…

Wadāʾi

(2,516 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
Wadāʾi or Waddāʾi, also called Bergu or Borgu and Dār-Ṣāliḥ, lies to the west of Dār-Fūr from which it is separated by the provinces of Tama, Mara, Masalit and Sila, which have in the past been politically dependent sometimes on Dār-Fūr and sometimes on Wadāʾi according to the fortune of war. The boundaries of Wadāʾi in other directions are not very precise; the kingdom at its greatest extent at the height of its power did not stretch beyond Kuti on the south, Fitri on the west, Ennedi and the …

Sūsū

(69 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
or Sōsō is a name of a people who are thought to have at one time formed the autonomous population of Fūta-Ḏj̲allon and who have since been driven to the west and particularly ¶ the southwest of this province in lower French Guinea; the Sūsū are in part Muslims. Sūsū is also the Mandingo pronunciation of the name of the Sudanese town of Sōsō [q. v.]. (Maurice Delafosse)

Songhoy

(1,104 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
The name Songhoy (Songoï) or Songhay was probably applied at first to the part of the valley of the Niger between Bourem and Say, to the people inhabiting this area, and to the kingdom which they formed. At a later date, this state having extended its boundaries upwards to Lake Debo and downwards to the northern boundary of the present French colony of Dahomey, ¶ the same name was retained to describe the kingdom thus enlarged and all its. inhabitants, as well as the language spoken by the majority of them, the language of Dyenne, of Timbuktu, of Gāo, of Dendi and of the land of the Zerma or Ḏj̲erma. Th…

Kong

(1,363 words)

Author(s): Delafosse, Maurice
, the word Kong is a corruption of Kpon, the native name for a place in the north of the present French colony of the Ivory Coast, near the watershed between the basin of the Comoe and that of the Nzi, a tributary of the Bandama. The town was founded at a comparatively early date by some Senufo of the tribe called Falafala, who still retain rights over the soil but except for this privilege are now of very little importance. These Senufo were and have remained pagans. From the xvth or xvith century onwards a number of Muslims who claim to be of Sarakolle origin, known by the name of Dy…