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 Radd al-muftarī ʿan al-ṭaʿn fī l-Shushtarī

(1,457 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Refutation of the slanderer concerning the defamation of al-Shushtarī’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: 1685 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis is al-Nābulusī’s commentary on the famous poem by the Andalusian Sufi, Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī l-Shushtarī (d. 1269), a disciple of Ibn Sabʿīn (d. 1269-70). Al-Shushtarī used Christian imagery in his poetry to express his spiritual journey to God. As the poem had been criticised by some of al-Nābulusī’s contemporaries, he was asked to ex…

Abū l-Faḍl al-Suʿūdī al-Mālikī

(503 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
Abū l-Faḍl (ibn Muḥammad) al-Suʿūdī (and/or al-Masʿūdī) al-Mālikī Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: After April 1536 Place of Death: Unknown; presumably Egypt Biography Abū l-Faḍl al-Suʿūdī was a theologian, Mālikī jurist and poet. In some sources, he is called al-Suʿūdī (Ḥajjī Khalīfa, Kashf al-ẓunūn, vol. 1, p. 379; Kaḥḥāla, Muʿjam al-muʾallifīn, vol. 8, p. 68), while in some others his name appears as al-Masʿūdī (Sarkīs, Muʿjam al-maṭbū ʿāt, vol. 2, p. 1745). In the extant manuscripts of his works, he is almost always identified as al-Su ʿūdī, suggesting…

 Jawāb suʾāl warada min ṭaraf Bitrik al-Naṣārā

(327 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Response to the question raised by the Patriarch of the Christians’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: 1712 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis is al-Nābulusī’s response to the three theological questions on the essence of God and his attributes raised by the Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch Athanasius Dabbās (d. 1724). Although he does not name his addressee, the interlocutor is identified as the Patriarch by Bakri Aladdin, who has edited and published the text (Aladdin, ‘Deux  fatwā-s’, p. 8; citations that follow refer to this ed…

 Al-muntakhab al-jalīl min Takhjīl man ḥarrafa l-Injīl

(1,228 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘A splendid selection from The shaming of those who have altered the Gospel’ Abū l-Faḍl (ibn Muḥammad) al-Suʿūdī (and/or al-Masʿūdī) al-Mālikī Date: April 1536 Original Language: Arabic Description As indicated by the title and further explained in the introduction of the work (ed. al-Badrī, p. 19), this is a polemical treatise against Christians based on Abū l-Faḍl’s selected extracts from Ṣāliḥ ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Jaʿfarī’s Takhjīl man ḥarrafa l-Tawrāt wa-l-Injīl, ‘The shaming of those who have altered the Torah and the Gospel’. The Muntakhab consists of an introduction, ten c…

 Risāla fī jawāb suʾāl warada ʿalaynā min al-Quds al-sharīf fī mā yuʾkhadhu min ahl al-kufr min al-ʿawāʾid min al-shamʿ wa-l-sukkar wa-l-jūkh wa-ghayrihi wa-bayān ḥukmihi

(445 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Treatise in response to the question reaching us from Jerusalem the noble concerning the special tax revenues from non-Muslims on wax, sugar, broadcloth and other goods, and an explanation of its legal status’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: 1702 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis work is al-Nābulusī’s response to the question raised by some Muslim residents of Jerusalem concerning certain taxes ( ʿawāʾid) on wax, sugar and broadcloth that were collected from non-Muslims monthly, yearly or every third year, the r…

ʿAbd al-Ghanī l-Nābulusī

(1,288 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date of Birth: 1641 Place of Birth: Damascus Date of Death: 1731 Place of Death: Damascus BiographyAn eminent theologian, jurist, poet, Sufi, and great commentator on Ibn ʿArabī’s (d. 1240) mystical thought, ʿAbd al-Ghanī l-Nābulusī was one of the most illustrious intellectual figures of the 17th- and 18th-century Arab lands of the Ottoman Empire. He served as judge in al-Maydān (south of Damascus), and then as mufti of Damascus for a short period of time. He held a teaching post at th…

 Fatḥ al-ʿayn wa-kashf al-ghayn ʿan al-farq bayna l-basmalatayn wa-īḍāḥ maʿnā l-tasmiyatayn

(1,267 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Opening the eye and removing the cloud on the difference between the two basmalas, and expounding the meaning of the two ways of naming God’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: 1720 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis short text was written in response to a question on whether the  basmala of the Gospel (In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) was the same as the  basmala of the Qur’an (In the name of God, the Most Merciful, the Compassionate). In his response, al-Nābulusī first lays out his theology, empha…

 Risāla fī l-jawāb ʿan suʾāl li-baʿḍ ahl al-dhimma

(211 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Treatise in response to the question of one of the dhimmīs’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: Undated; presumably 1725-6 or earlier Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis is a short (three-folio) treatise written in response to an unnamed Christian scholar who apparently raised some questions concerning divine names and attributes. Al-Nābulusī accuses his addressee of being ignorant in knowing his Lord, the Creator. Although we are not told what he was asked about exactly, al-Nābulu…

 Al-kashf wa-l-bayān ʿan asrār al-adyān fī Kitāb al-insān al-kāmil wa-kāmil al-insān

(936 words)

Author(s): Demiri, Lejla
‘Uncovering and explaining the secrets of religions in the Book of the perfect human being and the perfection of the human being’ ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl l-Nābulusī Date: 1708 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis treatise on religious plurality is written in the form of a commentary on the controversial section of ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Jīlī’s (d. 1408 or 1428)  Al-insān al-kāmil (‘The perfect human being’). In his chapter ‘on the secrets of other religions and acts of worship’, al-Jīlī reflected on how all people ultimately w…
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