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 Tractatus Zelus Christi contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et infideles

(576 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Zelus ChristiTractate of the avid follower of Christ against Jews, Saracens and infidels Pedro de la Cavallería Date: 1450 Original Language: Latin Description Cavallería dedicated this work to those who had seen him participate in disputes and who had told him that the doctrines of Moses and Islam were easier to believe than the doctrine of Christianity. Throughout the treatise the two main subjects on which he focuses in his arguments against both Jews and Muslims are the teaching about Christ, and the question of d…

Liber scalae Machometi

(22 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Liber scalae Machometi Ana Echevarria

Pedro de la Cavallería

(648 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Biography The Cavallería family converted from Judaism to Christianity as a result of the Dispute of Tortosa. It is known that King Fernando I acted as godfather to Pedro’s brother Bonafós, and that Bonafós married the Christian Leonor de la Cabra. The only known details about Pedro’s own early life are given in the introduction to his Zelus Christi. This says that he was trained in Latin, Hebrew, Arabic and Aramaic, and that he had already participated in disputes. So it must be assumed that by the year 1414, when he wrote this, he was already an adul…

 Fortalitium fidei, contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et alios Christianae fidei inimicos

(968 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
‘The fortress of faith, against Jews, Saracens and other enemies of the Christian faith’ Alonso de Espina Date: 1459-61 Original Language: Latin Description The Fortalitium fidei consists of five books, written to warn Christians of the evil of the enemies of their faith: heretics, Jews, Muslims and witches and demons. Each book is divided into 12 considerationes, each of these containing a number of chapters. Military metaphors are used throughout the book to depict the attacks of the enemies of Christianity and the ways in which Christians should a…

 Liber scalae Machometi

(1,021 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Livre de l’eschiele Mahomet ‘The book of Muhammad's ladder’ Liber scalae Machometi Date: 1264 Original Language: Castilian Description The Liber scalae Machometi is divided into a number of parts: the Prophet’s night journey ( isrāʾ) from Mecca to the Temple in Jerusalem in the company of Gabriel; his ascent to heaven by means of a ladder ( miʿrāj) and subsequent journey to the seven regions of hell, meeting important historical and religious leaders in his way; and his return to Mecca, where he reveals his experience to his Quraysh relatives. Although Hyatte argues that the author o…

Vincentius

(320 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Binjinsiyus, Vincentius the Priest Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; fl. 1048-50 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Vincentius was a Christian priest who worked in al-Andalus under a number of powerful ecclesiastical patrons. As a canonist, he was a member of the Mozarabic intellectual elite. The few details known about his life come from the work he compiled for a certain bishop, ‘Abd al-Malik (possibly of Seville). According to this, he travelled around several dioceses translatin…

 Qawānīn

(422 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Canon laws Vincentius Date: Approximately 1048-50 Original Language: Arabic Description This collection of canon laws is a parallel compilation to the Latin canon laws of the Visigothic church in the Iberian Peninsula from 600 to 700. It is divided into ten books ( maṣāḥif) containing canons selected from an index, known as the Excerpta, appropriate to the needs of Christians living under Muslim rule. The structure of each canon mirrors that of the Muslim tradition: first the source ( isnād), then the body of the canon ( matn). The contents of the collection range from issues about…

 Contra principales errores perfidi Machometi

(572 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Contra errores'Against the principal errors of the perfidious Muḥammad' Juan de Torquemada Date: 1459 Original Language: Latin Description In this work, which Torquemada wrote at the request of the pope as a preliminary report for the Council of Mantua, he follows a traditional scheme. After a few details about Muḥammad’s life, his prophethood and the nature of the Qur’an, the core of the treatise deals with the main arguments to refute Islam. Following this, Torquemada sets out 12 characteristics of Christianity…

Juan de Torquemada

(847 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Biography Born into a family of converso origins, Juan de Torquemada became a Dominican in the convent of St Paul in Valladolid. As a member of the Castilian delegation to the Council of Constance in 1417, he was able to meet the most outstanding theologians of his time and start his contacts in the Roman Curia. He obtained his licentia at the College of St Jacques in Paris in 1424, and his Masters of Theology the next year. He rose to become prior of his casa mater of Valladolid, and later of St Peter Martyr in Toledo, and then in 1431 Pope Eugenius IV called him to Rome as Mast…

Alonso de Espina

(572 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
Alfonso de la Espina Date of Birth: Around 1412 Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Between 1461 and 1464 Place of Death: Probably Madrid Biography Alonso was a Franciscan friar, and well known as a scholar, master in theology and preacher in the kingdom of Castile under John II and Enrique IV. His public life proper started in Salamanca, where he was regent of studies at the convent of St Francis, acting as the Faculty of Theology for Salamanca University. In 1453, he was in Valladolid and heard the confession of the…