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 Bios kai politeia tou en hagiois kai thaumatourgou patros hēmōn Dēmētrianou, episkopou Chytridōn, mias tōn hypo tēn Kypriōn nēson

(715 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
Life and conduct of our father among the saints and miracle worker Demetrianus, bishop of Chytroi, one of [the towns of] the island of Cyprus, Life of St Demetrianus Life of St Demetrianus of Kythrea/Chytri Date: Soon after about 911/913 Original Language: Greek Description The Life of St Demetrianus ( BHG 495) relates the biography of a native of Cyprus who was born at the beginning of the reign of the iconoclastic, ‘Christ-hating’ Emperor Theophilus (829-42), in the village of Sykae in the province of Chytroi (Kythrea). His parents (his fathe…

Unknown author

(176 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Sixty Martyrs of Jerusalem Date of Birth: Unknown; probably 8th c. Place of Birth: Perhaps Palestine Date of Death: Unknown; probably 8th c. Place of Death: Perhaps Palestine Biography The anonymous author must have lived in Syria and Palestine and have mastered at least two languages, Syriac and Greek. In an appendix (§ 12) to the main text it is revealed that it was Ioannes the monk who read the original, went 'after a time' on pilgrimage to Jerusalem to venerate the relics of the martyrs, and commissioned the translat…

 Chronikon syntomon ek diaphorōn chronographōn te kai exēgētōn syllegen kai syntethen hypo Geōrgiou hamartōlou monachou

(944 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
A compendious chronicle based on various chroniclers and interpreters, gathered together and arranged by George, a sinner monkThe Chronicle of George the Monk George the Monk, George Hamartolos (‘the Sinner’) Date: Between 843 and 867 Original Language: Greek Description George’s Chronicle is full of excerpts from the Church Fathers, citations of the Acts of the Church Councils, and anecdotes and stories of varied content. The section which refers to the Prophet Muḥammad at length (ed. de Boor, pp. 697-706) is inserted in the section …

Life of St Demetrianus of Kythrea/Chytri

(412 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Uncertain; perhaps Cyprus Date of Death: After about 911/913 Place of Death: Uncertain; perhaps Cyprus Biography The anonymous author of the Life of St Demetrianus must have been a native of Cyprus, but it is not certain when he lived or in what circumstances he became acquainted with the biography of the saint. Primary Sources of Information H. Delehaye, Acta Sanctorum Novembris, vol. 3, Brussels, 1910, pp. 300-8 H. Grégoire, ‘Saint Démétrianos, évêque de Chytri (île de Chypre)’, Byzantinische Zeitschrift 16 (1907) 204-40, pp. …

Author unknown (in MS BNF – Gr. 1553, and MS Mount Athos, Monastery of Docheiariou – 74 the name Stephanos appears in the peroration)

(181 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Life of Bacchus the Younger Date of Birth: 2nd half of 8th c.? Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 1st half of the 9th c.? Place of Death: Unknown Biography The author emphasizes that Bacchus’ martyrdom occurred during the reign of Irene and Constantine VI (r. 780-97), thereby grafting a Byzantine perspective upon a Palestinian neo-martyr. It is thus likely that the hagiographer was based in Constantinople and not Palestine. If the name Stephanos as author is to be given credence, he may be identifiable as Stephen the Deacon, the biographer of St Stephen the Younger ( BHG 1666), which …

 Martyrion tōn hexēkonta neōn martyrōn tōn en tē hagia Christou tou Theou hēmōn polei epi tēs tyrannidos tōn Arabōn martyrēsantōn

(400 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Martyrdom of the sixty neo-martyr saints who were martyred in the holy city of Christ our God during the tyrannical rule of the Arabs, The Sixty Martyrs of Jerusalem Unknown author Date: Before 787 Original Language: Syriac Description The Martyrdom ( BHG 1217) relates the story of seventy Byzantine archons who visited Jerusalem as pilgrims during a seven-year truce concluded between Sulaymān ibn ʿAbd al-Malik and Leo III the Isaurian in 717. Apprehended on the way to Caesarea and imprisoned there in about 724-25, they were tortured…

 C’(mid)isa da net’arisa m(a)misa č(ue)nisa I(oa)ne monazonisa da xucisa damask’elisa sit’q’(ua)j cx(o)r(e)bisa da γ(ua)c’lta q’(ovla)d d(ide)b(u)lisa P’(e)t’re axlisa mγd(e)lm(o)c’(a)misa K’ap’et’olelta k(a)l(a)ksa š(in)a c’ameb(u)lisata

(821 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
An Oration of our holy and blessed father John, monk and priest of Damascus, concerning the life and most illustrious deeds of the pious neo-martyr Peter, who was put to death in the city of Capitolias, The Martyrdom of Peter CapitoliasThe Life of Peter the Younger, martyr of Capitolias Unknown author Date: Unknown Original Language: Greek Description The Martyrdom of Peter of Capitolias (d. 715) survives only in Georgian. It tells the story of a married priest who had one son and two daughters and who devoted himself to the learning of ‘the Scripture and …

 Bios kai athlēsis tou hosiou kai neou martyros Bakchou martyrēsantos en tois chronois hēmōn en Palaistinē epi Eirēnēs kai Kōnstantinou tōn philochristōn kai orthodoxōn hēmōn basilēōn

(651 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Life and martyrdom of the holy neo-martyr Bacchus the Younger who was martyred in our time in Palestine during the reign of Irene and Constantine, our Christ-loving and orthodox emperors, Life of Bacchus the Younger Author unknown (in MS BNF – Gr. 1553, and MS Mount Athos, Monastery of Docheiariou – 74 the name Stephanos appears in the peroration) Date: Early 9th c. Original Language: Greek Description The Life of Bacchus the Younger ( BHG 209) relates the biography and martyrdom of a native of Maiouma in Gaza, Palestine (c. 769-87/88). His father, together with hi…

George the Monk, George Hamartolos (‘the Sinner’)

(406 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
George the Monk Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography All we know about George (Georgios) the Monk is that he was a monk in Constantinople during the reign of Michael III (842-67). His epithet Hamartolos, ‘the sinner’, which appears in the title of his single work, was a common mark of humility for Byzantine monks. He is the author of a world Chronicle which extends from the creation to the end of the second Iconoclastic period (843). He was a staunch supporter of the iconophile cause, and it is perhaps no accident that his Chronicle…

Unknown author

(224 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Martyrdom of Peter of Capitolias Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography The anonymous author of the Martyrdom of Peter of Capitolias must have been a native of Syria-Palestine, but it is not possible to determine when he lived, since his text is only extant in a Georgian translation preserved in a single 16th-century manuscript. Although his hero saint must have been a historical figure, he presents his biography and martyrdom with a great deal of fictional elaboration and circumstantial de…

Unknown author

(109 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Martyrdom of Elias of Helioupolis (Elias of Damascus) Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography The anonymous author of the Martyrdom of Elias of Helioupolis (Elias of Damascus) ( BHG 578, 579) must have been a native of Syria-Palestine but it is not certain when he lived and in what circumstances he became acquainted with the story of the martyrdom of this Christian saint. Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Hypomnēma kathʾ historian tēs …

 Hypomnēma kathʾ historian tēs athlēseōs tou hagiou megalomartyros Hēlia tou neou, tou apo Hēlioupolitōn, en Damaskō martyrēsantos

(592 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
Memorial on the basis of an account of the martyrdom of the holy great martyr Elias the Younger, from Helioupolis, who suffered martyrdom in Damascus, The Martyrdom of Elias of Helioupolis Unknown author Date: 9th-10th c. Original Language: Greek Description The Martyrdom of Elias (759-79 or 775-95) is the biography of a neo-martyr born to a Christian family in Helioupolis (Baalbek) and trained as a carpenter. Together with his mother and two brothers, he left his native town for Damascus, where for two years he was employed by a Syrian.…