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Ibn al-Zayyāt al-Tādilī

(2,049 words)

Author(s): El Hour, Rachid
Al-Tādilī (d. 627/1229–30 or 628/1230–1), known as Ibn al-Zayyāt, was a Moroccan qāḍī and scholar renowned for his hagiographical work al-Tashawwuf ilā rijāl al-taṣawwuf. 1. Life His full name is Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf b. Yaḥyā b. ʿĪsā b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Tādilī. He was born in the region of Tādla during the second half of the sixth/twelfth century and died in Marrakech. He did not attract the attention of such later authors as al-Bādisī (d. after 722/1322) and Ibn Qunfudh (d. 810/1407–8), but they nevertheless used al-Tashawwuf in their writings. Al-Suyūṭī (d. 911/1505) devoted some…
Date: 2020-09-16

Darqāwa

(1,412 words)

Author(s): El Hour, Rachid
Darqāwa or Darqāwiyya is a Moroccan Ṣūfī order (or brotherhood, ṭarīqa, lit., “path”) that attracted devotees also in other Arab countries such as Algeria, Egypt (especially in the city of Ṭanṭā), Tunisia, and Libya. It also became popular in the Ḥijāz, particularly in Mecca and Medina, and has spread as far as Iraq. In Tripoli, it became known as al-Madaniyya, after Muḥammad b. Ḥamza b. Ẓāfir al-Madanī (d. 1847), who introduced there the principles of Muḥammad al-Arabī al-Darqāwī in 1820. The order was founded at the end of the twelfth/eighteenth century by Mawlāy al-ʿArab…
Date: 2020-09-16