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Ibn Hubayra

(495 words)

Author(s): Ephrat, Daphna
ʿAwn al-Dīn Abū l-Muẓaffar Ibn Hubayra (b. 499/1105–6, d. 560/1165) was a Ḥanbalī scholar who served as wazīr under the ʿAbbāsid caliphs al-Muqtafī (r. 530–55/1136–60) and al-Mustanjid (r. 555–66/1160–70). He was born in Dūr, a village northwest of Baghdad, and, as a youth, moved to the ʿAbbāsid capital, where he studied Ḥanbalī jurisprudence (fiqh), Arabic philology, and traditions. Having entered government service under al-Muqtafī, he gradually worked his way up to be his wazīr, and, in the years following the rise of al-Mustanjid to the caliphate, he was the main…
Date: 2019-11-11

Aḍud al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh

(192 words)

Author(s): Ephrat, Daphna
ʿAḍud al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh (514–73/1120–78), of the family of Ibn al-Muslima, figured prominently in the struggle over authority at the end of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate of Baghdad. He was major-domo (ustādhdār) to al-Mustanjid I (r. 555–66/1160–70) until he had the latter assassinated, after which ʿAḍud al-Dīn was appointed wazīr by caliph al-Mustaḍīʾ (r. 566–75/1170–80). It was primarily through him that al-Mustaḍīʾ attempted to increase his effective and just rule, opposing men of power, in and around the capital. Though al-Mustaḍīʾ was…
Date: 2019-11-11

al-ʿAbbādī

(593 words)

Author(s): Ephrat, Daphna
Abū ʿĀṣim Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbbādī (375–458/985–1066), often called al-Qāḍī l-Harawī, was a Shāfiʿī jurisconsult and judge and a celebrated scholar of his school of law (madhhab) in the first half of the fifth/eleventh century. Born in Herat (hence his nisba al-Harawī), he studied jurisprudence in his hometown, under the judge (qāḍī) Abū Manṣūr al-Azdī, and in Nīshāpūr, under the local judge. In common with other contemporary seekers of religious knowledge, he journeyed far to meet many scholars, studied under th…
Date: 2019-11-11