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Ibn al-Ghurayr

(1,216 words)

Author(s): Fathi, Jean
Mār Ghrīghūryūs Yūḥannā ibn al-Ghurayr al-Zirbābī al-Shāmī Date of Birth: Unknown; about 1610 Place of Birth: Unknown; probably Damascus, Syria Date of Death: Between February 1678 and March 1686 Place of Death: Unknown; probably Damascus, Syria Biography Yūḥannā ibn al-Ghurayr, Syrian Orthodox bishop of Damascus, was an important transmitter of the Syriac and Christian Arabic heritage in the 17th century, and the translator of several major works from Syriac to Middle Arabic. While no contemporary biography of him is known, his activities as a scribe,…

 Arabic translation of the Syriac lament poem by Maphrian Ignatius Bar Qīqī

(1,051 words)

Author(s): Fathi, Jean
- Mār Ghrīghūryūs Yūḥannā ibn al-Ghurayr al-Zirbābī al-Shāmī Date: 1659 Original Language: Arabic Description The story of the Syrian Orthodox Maphrian Ignatius Bar Qīqī, who renounced Christianity for Islam in the year 1016, became known to Yūḥannā when he was preparing an Arabic epitome of Barhebraeus’ Syriac history in 1641/2, while residing at the Syrian monastery of St Mark in Jerusalem. According to Barhebraeus, Bar Qīqī, who was known as Archdeacon Mark of the church of Tagrīt, had a 40-year ecclesiastical career, being consecrated by Patriarch Ath…

 Copies of the 'Apology' of al-Kindī

(947 words)

Author(s): Fathi, Jean
- Mār Ghrīghūryūs Yūḥannā ibn al-Ghurayr al-Zirbābī al-Shāmī Date: 1655 and 1657 Original Language: Arabic Description Dating to around the year 830, the  Apology of al-Kindī is the most significant Christian Arabic text criticising Islam in the classical period. It consists of a long epistle by a certain ʿAbd al-Masīḥ ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī responding to a short epistle by a certain ʿAbdallāh ibn Ismāʿīl al-Hāshimī, in which the latter invites the former to Islam. Some manuscripts include both letters, while others only …