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Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Feener, R. Michael" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Feener, R. Michael" )' returned 10 results. Modify search

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Ali Hasjmy

(596 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
Ali Hasjmy (1914–98) was born at Montasiek (in Aceh Besar Regency, Indonesia). He was educated in Dutch colonial schools and in modern Islamic institutions in West Sumatra. Upon returning to Aceh he joined an Islamic reformist organisation known as Persatuan Ulama Seluruh Aceh (PUSA, All Aceh Union of Ulama) and became active in politics and the media during the Japanese occupation. After independence, in 1945, he worked in the bureaucracy of the new Indonesian government until 1953, when he was …
Date: 2020-02-11

Jakarta Charter

(529 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
The Jakarta Charter (Indon., Piagam Jakarta) is the common name for a text that emerged from debates over the formulation of Sukarno’s Pancasila (five pillars) ideology in 1945, in which the fifth of its pillars (in Sukarno’s original iteration), asserting Belief in God (Ke-Tuhan-an), was further qualified with the addition of a controversial clause that stipulated that Muslims in the new nation would be obliged to observe Islamic law (dengan kewadjiban mendjalankan sjariʿat Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknja). This formulation (which came to be know as the Seven Words) cam…
Date: 2020-02-11

Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy

(535 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy (10 March 1904–9 December 1975) was born at Lhokseumawe into a family of Acehnese ʿulamāʾ. As a young man he pursued further studies at the modern reformist al-Irsyad school in Surabaya (East Java) where he became increasingly involved in Islamic reformist organisations and regularly wrote columns and articles for numerous periodicals. His most significant publications, however, were related to his later involvement with the Indonesian State Islamic Studies Institutes (Institut Agama Islam Ne…
Date: 2020-02-11

Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia

(647 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
The Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia (DDII), one of the most prominent daʿwa (Islamic proselytising) organisations in modern Indonesia, was founded in 1967 at a gathering attended by members of the then recently disbanded Masyumi party. Led by Mohammad Natsir (1908–93), Masyumi had campaigned—unsuccessfully—during the first decade and a half of Indonesian independence for Islam to be accorded an expanded role in the formal institutions of the Indonesian state. However the political realities of the New Ord…
Date: 2020-02-11

Hazairin

(555 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
Hazairin (d. 1975) was a Sumatran-born, Dutch-trained scholar of adat (customary law). He worked in the colonial courts of South Tapanuli (Sumatra) before beginning his long and distinguished career in the government, judiciary, and academic institutions of independent Indonesia. Hazairin was concerned with the relationship between religion and custom in law, in ways framed by a commitment to Islamic personal piety, and a strong sense of Indonesian nationalism. Towards this end, he worked to promote the …
Date: 2020-02-11

Jassin, Hans Bague

(906 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
Hans Bague Jassin (1917–2000), usually referred to as H.B. Jassin, was an Indonesian literary and cultural figure whose polemics often brought him criticism from both the Marxists and the religious traditionalists. Born in Gorontalo, Sulawesi, he studied in Dutch colonial schools in Balikpapan, Kalimantan, and in Medan, Sumatra, where he became an avid reader of the new Indonesian journalism and literature being created there in the 1930s. He later took up an editorial position with Balai Pustaka …
Date: 2020-02-11

Darul Arqam

(713 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
The Darul Arqam is one of the most highly visible—and controversial—organisations associated with the modern Malaysian daʿwa (Islamic proselytising) movement. Growing out of daʿwa study group in the late 1960s, the organisation established its first communal centre in 1973 under the leadership of Ashaari Muhammad (d. 2010) at Sungai Pencala, on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. Members were easily identified by their distinctive forms of dress: long robes and turbans for men, and full face veils covering all save the eye…
Date: 2020-02-11

Majelis Permusyawaratan Ulama

(690 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
The Majelis Permusyawaratan Ulama (Consultative Council of Ulama) is the state-affiliated council of ʿ ulamāʾ (Islamic religious scholars) in the Indonesian province of Aceh. This designation was adopted in 2000, signalling a newly expanded mandate for this organisation as part of a new state Islamic legal system established in Aceh in the twenty-first century. Aceh has had such a council of ulama since 1965, making it one of the earliest in the region. The founding mandate of the Majelis Ulama Daerah Aceh (Aceh Regional Council Ulama) was to institutiona…
Date: 2020-02-11

Hassan, A.

(615 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
A. Hassan (1887–1958) was born at Singapore, where his father was a reporter, writer, and publisher of Tamil books and newspapers. Hassan attended Malay and English schools in Singapore, although he never completed formal elementary schooling or formal higher education. He did, however, take to the study of languages and gained facility in Malay, Arabic, and English, as well as his native Tamil. From his father, Hassan also learned the trade of letters, apprenticing himself informally in the prin…
Date: 2020-02-11

Southeast Asian Qurʾānic Literature

(2,741 words)

Author(s): Feener, R. Michael
This entry is meant to provide an overview of literature of the Qurʾān in southeast Asia, including both texts produced locally and those imported from elsewhere in the Muslim world that have been important to the region's religious and intellectual history. Commentary in Arabic As in many parts of the Muslim world, the most popular Arabic work of commentary ( tafsīr) in southeast Asia from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries was the Tafsīr al-Jalālayn. In addition to being read and studied in its original Arabic, this text formed the primary basis of the…