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 İrşâdü’l-hayârâ ilâ târîhi’l-Yunân ve’r-Rûm ve’n-Nasârâ

(993 words)

Author(s): Hagen, Gottfried
‘The guide of the perplexed towards the history of the Greeks, Romans and Christians’ Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAbdullāh, known as Kâtip Çelebi or Ḥājjī Khalīfa Date: 1655 Original Language: Ottoman Turkish Description İrşâdü’l-hayârâ is a short treatise (32 folios in the manuscripts used for Yurtoğlu’s edition, 38 in the Berlin manuscript), the composition of which was begun on 24 January 1655 (Ménage, ‘Three Ottoman treatises’, p. 421). Doubts about its authenticity, voiced by Yurtoğlu ( Katip Çelebi’nin, pp. 25-8), are moot, resulting from his confusion of Gregorian and Julian …

Kâtip Çelebi

(831 words)

Author(s): Hagen, Gottfried
Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAbdullāh, known as Kâtip Çelebi or Ḥājjī Khalīfa Date of Birth: 1609 Place of Birth: Istanbul Date of Death: 1657 Place of Death: Istanbul Biography Kâtip Çelebi, arguably the most important Ottoman thinker of the 17th century, was the son of a military officer and bureaucrat in the imperial chancery in Istanbul, and was himself apprenticed in the fiscal administration. Despite his achievements as an author and public intellectual, he never rose above the middle rank, as is reflected in his nicknames kâtip, meaning scribe, and  halîfe, meaning assistant clerk. As a yo…

Aşık Mehmed

(535 words)

Author(s): Hagen, Gottfried
Aşık Mehmed b. Ömer b. Bayezid (Aşık Mehmed;ʿĀshiq Muḥammad), an Ottoman traveller and cosmographer, was born in Trabzon (in present-day Turkey) around 963–4/1555–6, as the son of a teacher in a local medrese ( madrasa). He spent most of his adult life travelling and serving alims ( ʿālims, including Kınalızade Hüseyin (Qınalızāde Ḥüseyn) and Taşköprüzade Kemaleddin (Ṭaşköprüzāde Kemāleddīn), d. 1030/1621), military officials (such as Özdemiroğlu Osman (Özdemiroghlu ʿOthmān) Paşa, d. 993/1585), and prince Mehmed (Meḥmed, the future Sultan Me…
Date: 2019-11-11

Bahāʾī Meḥmed Efendi

(867 words)

Author(s): Hagen, Gottfried
Bahāʾī Meḥmed Efendi (1010–64/1600–53) was an Ottoman intellectual who served twice as Şeyhülislâm (Shaykh al-Islām), leaving a contentious and contradictory legacy as a politician, scholar, and poet. Born in Istanbul, Bahāʾī exemplifies the early formation of an ulema (ʿulamāʾ) aristocracy of Istanbul: his father, a son of Hoca Sadeddin Efendi (Khōca Saʿduddīn, d. 1008/1599, historian, Şeyhülislâm, and tutor to several princes), had risen to the rank of kadı-asker (qāḍī-ʿasker) of Rumelia; two of Bahāʾī’s uncles as well as his cousin Ebū Saʿīd (Abū Saʿīd, d. 10…
Date: 2019-11-11