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(481 words)

Author(s): Heller, B.
, in the Bible Rachel, wife of Jacob, mother of Joseph and Benjamin, is not mentioned in the Ḳurʾān. There is however a reference to her in Sūra iv. 27: “Ye may not have two sisters to wife at the same time; if it has been done formerly God now exercises pardon and mercy”. This is said to allude to Jacob’s marriage with Liyā and. Rāḥīl; before Moses revealed the Tora, such a marriage was valid. Ṭabarī gives this explanation in the Annals, i. 356, 359 sq. Ibn al-At̲h̲īr, p. 90, adopts it. But already in Tafsīr, iv. 210, Ṭabarī explains the verse correctly: Muḥammad forbids for the future ma…


(242 words)

Author(s): Heller, B.
is the name in Muḥammadan legend of the Biblical Potiphar. Ḳiṭfīr is corrupted from Fiṭfīr like Bilḳīs, queen of Saba, from Nikaulis, or as in the Yūsuf legend we have Ainam or Häinam from Muppīm, Ḥuppīm. Ḳiṭfīr was then further corrupted to Iṭfīr (so generally in Ṭabarī and T̲h̲aʿlabī), Iṭfīn and almost unrecognisably to Ḳiṭṭīn (Ṭabarī, ed. de Goeje, i. 377) and Ḳiṭṭifīn (Ṭabarī, Tafsīr, xii. 98). On the other hand al-Kisāʾī always has Ḳūṭifar, a direct borrowing from Potiphar. Ḳiṭfīr is quite arbitrarily called Ibn Ruhaib. In the Ḳurʾān xii. 30, 51, the Eg…