Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Ingensiep, Hans Werner" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Ingensiep, Hans Werner" )' returned 4 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Animal experimentation

(1,145 words)

Author(s): Ingensiep, Hans Werner
1. General With the rise of nature research and criticism of purely theoretical scholarship in the Early Modern period, the significance of observation, quantification (Quantification and measurement) and experience grew, which, from the 17th century onwards, led in Europe to an increase in the number of animal experiments in medicine and biology (especially from interest in knowledge of anatomy, physiology and embryology) as well as in physics and chemistry [8. 196–217]; [13]. This development was accompanied both by public criticism and by scruples and legitima…
Date: 2019-10-14

Kingdoms of nature

(840 words)

Author(s): Ingensiep, Hans Werner
Over the course of the early modern period, the classificatory concept of the three kingdoms of nature became an important heuristic principle in the descriptive and organizational systems of natural science. The Latin term regnum (“kingdom”; French  règne, German  Reich) became popular in the late 17th century through the encyclopedic work of the Swiss physician and natural historian Emanuel König [4], and it became exceedingly important as a concept particularly in the heyday of classical natural history, from the mid-18th century to the mid-19th. Th…
Date: 2019-10-14

Instinct

(858 words)

Author(s): Ingensiep, Hans Werner
Instinct in early modern literature, philosophy, and biology was, depending on the context in which it arose, an indeterminate and even dubious concept. The term derives from the scholastic Middle Latin instinctus or Latin  instinguere (“to instigate”, “to impel”), and its roots lie in ancient theories of the animal soul, especially the Stoic one according to which drives were naturally fulfilled by animals and people, but not by plants. In German, Instinkt in the 18th century came to replace the earlier  Naturtrieb (literally “natural drive”), and it covered a broad spe…
Date: 2019-10-14

Plant

(1,888 words)

Author(s): Müller-Wille, Staffan | Ingensiep, Hans Werner
1. Plants and human beingsEven though crop plants like grain, fruit, and vegetables in agriculture and horticulture contribute directly to the livelihood of human societies, their symbolic and cultural significance is less prominent than that of animals. Since antiquity, the notion of plants as “inverted animals” (with their roots as their “heads” and their leaves as external respiratory organs) embodied the fundamental correspondence of all living beings (including humans), but until well into the …
Date: 2020-10-06