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 Munāzara fī l-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā

(585 words)

Author(s): Iskenderoglu, Muammer
‘Controversy in refutation of the Christians’ Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī Date: Around 1184 Original Language: Arabic Description Munāzara fī l-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā resulted from a debate held between al-Rāzī and one of the greatest Christian scholars, as he says, in Khwārazm around 1184. Al-Rāzī does not name his opponent, but from his arguments it may be inferred that, if he was a real person, he was a Nestorian. The work has not survived intact, but al-Rāzī refers to it in his Tafsīr and quotes from it (see viii, p. 246; xxi, p. 534). In the reconstructed edition it is 57 pages long. The Munāzara serv…

Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī

(1,025 words)

Author(s): Iskenderoglu, Muammer
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar ibn al-Ḥusayn Date of Birth: 1149 or 50 Place of Birth: Rayy, Iran Date of Death: 1209 Place of Death: Herāt, Afghanistan Biography Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar, known as Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, was born in 1149 at Rayy in northern Persia. Until he was 16 he studied with his father, a scholar and preacher in Rayy, who educated al-Rāzī in the Ashʿarī school of theology and the Shāfiʿī school of law. After his father’s death, he first studied jurisprudence with Kamāl al-Dīn al-Simnānī (d. …