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Kompaniewirtschaft

(672 words)

Author(s): Kroll, Stefan
In most 17th- and 18th century European armies, it was standard practice for companies, the smallest self-contained military units, to be administered by their proprietor and commander (captain, cavalry captain; Officer). This special kind of administration within military units is called Kompaniewirtschaft. Its emergence was closely associated with the development of standing armies in the 17th century, but drew in part on similar practices in the  Landsknecht and mercenary armies of the two preceding centuries [1. 183–190]; [3. 3–65]. In the course of the army …
Date: 2019-10-14

Garrison town

(802 words)

Author(s): Kroll, Stefan
The word  garrison a French loanword. In the 18th century, Krünitz defined it as “the squad or body of soldiers stationed in a town to defend it against enemies or to guard it and at the same to keep the people obedient” [1. 143 f.]. During the Thirty Years’ War, numerous European states and territories began to create permanent troop formations that were no longer demobilized at the end of a campaign (Standing army). Strategically important sites, normally towns, were assigned a permanent body of hired mercenaries or conscripted soldiers, i.e. a garrison.In the 17th and 18th …
Date: 2019-10-14