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Nihilism

(954 words)

Author(s): Lourencino Bruno Puntel
1. The origin and bearings of the question. The word “nihilism” occurs for the first time in F. H. Jacobi’s Brief an Fichte of 1799. It was used by F. von Baader in 1824 to characterize atheism and the denial of revelation. In the middle of the 19th century, a Russian political movement with a certain view of the world was called nihilism. But the expression was given its characteristic meaning by F. W. Nietzsche, in whose writings it then gained world-wide publicity. Describing himself as the first perfect nihilist …

Participation

(2,406 words)

Author(s): Lourencino Bruno Puntel
A. History of the Problem Like such terms as being, unity and analogy, participation has had a major role in the metaphysical and theological thinking of the West, where it has been used to reflect on the Greek and biblico-Christian experience of reality. Hence the understanding and critical assessment of the notion of participation, with the possibility of re-thinking it on one’s own behalf, involves an interpretation of Western metaphysics which is particularly concerned with its origin and the fateful encounter between the Greek and the Christian experience of existence. Plato was…

Unity

(829 words)

Author(s): Lourencino-Bruno Puntel
1. Concept and nature. Unity is usually defined as the state by which a being is not divided in itself but divided from everything else ( indivisio in se et divisio a quolibet alio). Scholastic philosophy then distinguishes between transcendental unity, which is a property of being as such and numerical unity which is limited to corporeal, beings. The above definition, however, reflects certain presuppositions: it comes from the comparison of two or more different beings. To arrive at the full and original concept of unity (transcendental unity), we must go back furth…

Analogy of Being

(3,532 words)

Author(s): Jörg Splett | Lourencino Bruno Puntel
A. Introduction In the exercise of its freedom and knowledge, the human spirit stands in the light of what is unconditional, yet attains the plenitude of this latter only in and through the finite. By its very nature, therefore, it is subject to the law of analogy. Hence analogy is decisively located in the ontological relation between God and finite being and in the cognitive relation between the finite mind and each of these. In all this, analogy must not be regarded from the start as a derivative compromise and half-way house between univocity and equivocity. It mu…