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 Bios kai politeia tou hosiou patros hēmōn Andreou tou dia Christon Salou

(799 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Claudia
The life and conduct of our holy father Andrew, the fool for the sake of Christ Nicephorus Date: 10th century Original Language: Greek Description The Life of St Andrew the fool is made up of a considerable number of episodes, more or less interconnected, that differ in respect of form and content. The text comprises 146 pages in the modern edition, and only a few references are relevant in one way or another to Christian-Muslim Relations. In one episode, the devil is depicted as disguised as an Arab dressed in a black garment or an Arab merchant ( Life, ll. 799-804 [col. 681BC]). In another…

Nicephorus

(226 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Claudia
Nikēphoros, Nicephorus Date of Birth: Probably 10th century Place of Birth: Unknown; maybe Constantinople Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown; maybe Constantinople Biography Nicephorus was a priest in the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. He is the author of the Life of St Andrew the fool, in which he says that he personally met the holy man and his pupil Epiphanius. Although the text suggests that Epiphanius is the patriarch of the same name who lived in the 6th century, we know from other passages that the version that has come down to us was finished in the 10th century. W…

Komnene, Anna

(171 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Claudia
[German Version] (Dec 2, 1083 – c. 1153/1154, Constantinople) was the oldest daughter of Alexius I Comnenius. Originally engaged to Constantine Doukas, the son of Emperor Michael VII, she married Nicephorus Bryennius after the early death of the former. In 1118, she conspired with Irene Doukaina to elevate her husband to the imperial throne as successor to her father. However, she was forced by her brother John II to retire to a convent, where she associated with schol-¶ ars and was productive as an author. She only became a nun shortly before her death. Her main opus, the Alexiad, is a deta…

Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos

(153 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Claudia
[German Version] (2nd half of the 13th cent. – before 1328, Constantinople), Byzantine author and cleric of Hagia Sophia. One may conclude from the evidence of several works that he taught rhetoric and belonged to intellectual circles. He corresponded with several scholars of his time; Theodoros Metochites and Manuel Philes dedicated poems to him. Probably a considerable time before his death, he became a monk and took the name Neilos. His copious writings, benifiting from his work at the library …

Xanthopoulos

(151 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Claudia
[English Version] Xanthopoulos, Nikephoros Kallistos (2. Hälfte des 13.Jh. – vor 1328 Konstantinopel), byz. Schriftsteller und Kleriker der Hagia Sophia. Wie man aus einigen Werken schließen kann, unterrichtete er Rhetorik und gehörte intellektuellen Kreisen an. Er stand im Briefwechsel mit mehreren Gelehrten seiner Zeit; Theodoros Metochites und Manuel Philes widmeten ihm Gedichte. Wohl geraume Zeit vor seinem Tod wurde er Mönch und nahm den Namen Neilos an. – Zu seinem umfangreichen Oeuvre, bei de…

Constantinople/Byzantium

(7,786 words)

Author(s): Koch, Guntram | Ritter, Adolf Martin | Ludwig, Claudia | Thümmel, Hans Georg | Ohme, Heinz | Et al.
[German Version] I. Archaeology – II. Early Church – III. After 600 – IV. Councils – V. Patriarchate – VI. Literature – VII. Art – VIII. Church Music – IX. Judaism I. Archaeology Settlers from Megara settled Byzantium in the early 7th century on a previously inhabited hill on the Bosphorus, the most important water route from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea; a deep bay, the “Golden Horn” offered additional protection. In 324 ce, after the victory over Licinius, Constantine chose Byzantium as a new capital and dedicated it on May 11, 330 as Nea Roma, “New Rome”; soon the name …