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Theodosius of Syracuse

(289 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Theodosios Monachos kai Grammatikos, Theodosius the Monk and Grammarian Date of Birth: Unknown; possibly mid-9th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; possibly mid-10th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography For the life of Theodosius we only have the scant information given in his letter. Its title indicates that he was Grammaticus, a kind of notary, and as a monk and cleric he would have been a member of the Greek elite of Syracuse. When the city was besieged by the Arabs, famine and disease forced the inhabitants into surre…

 Bios kai politeia tou hosiou patros hēmōn Neilou tou Neou

(736 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Life and conduct of our holy father Nilus the Younger, Life of St Nilus Bartholomew the Younger Date: After 26 September 1004 Original Language: Greek Description According to the Vita, Nilus was born into a wealthy family in Rossano, Calabria, in 910. He received a thorough education and so was familiar with poetry and classical literature. He married and had children but, against both secular and canonical law, in about 940 he fled from Rossano and founded a spiritual congregation in central Calabria. He became a hermit, …

Bartholomew the Younger

(417 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Bartholomaios hēgoumenos, Bartholomaios ho neos, Batholomaeus abbas, Bartholomaeus iunior, Bartholomew the Abbot Date of Birth: Approximately 980 Place of Birth: Calabria; probably Rossano Date of Death: Approximately 1050/55 Place of Death: Grottaferrata Biography Bartholomew the Younger was born about 980 in Calabria, probably at Rossano. According to his Vita, at the age of 12 he became a spiritual disciple of Nilus of Rossano (though this could be a hagiographical topos). In about the year 1000, he accompanied his teacher to Montecassino …

 Bios kai politeia kai merikē diēgēsis thaumatōn tou hosiou patros hēmōn Basileiou tou Neou, syngrapheis para Grēgoriou tou mathētou autou

(505 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Life, conduct and detailed record of the miracles of our holy father Basilius the Younger, written by his pupil Gregory, Life of St Basil Life of Basil Date: After 26 March 944, or 952 Original Language: Greek Description Muslims do not play a significant part in this work. We only find a single reference to the parakoimomenos Samon, who is called an ( H)agarēnas (son of Hagar) by birth, but converted to Christianity and in the reign of the Emperor Leo VI eventually attained the high position of a patrikios. It was for this reason that when, in the Vita, Samon interrogates Basil, the ascetic …

Life of Basil

(226 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Grēgorios, Gregorius, Gregory Date of Birth: Unknown; probably late 9th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; mid or late 10th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about this Gregory, who wrote the Life of Basil, except that he was a pupil of the saint. He obviously died after Basil, so sometime later than 26 March 944, or 952. Primary Sources of Information G. Vilinskij, Žitie sv. Vasilija Novago v russkoj literature, Odessa, 1911 (Version C, but passages from Version A on pp. 283-326 and 326-46; Vilinskij makes good the omissions in Vesolovskij) A.N.…

 Eis tēn halōsin tēs Thessalonikēs syngrapheis para tou Kouboukleisiou Iōannou tou Kaminiatou

(823 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
The sack of Thessaloniki written by the Kouboukleisios John Caminiates, The sack of Thessaloniki John Caminiates Date: Approximately 905-10 Original Language: Greek Description John Caminiates’ account is the only detailed report in Greek of the sack of Thessaloniki by the Arabs. There are also references in other Greek sources, as well as in Arabic texts, some of them dating the capture of the city to 903. John’s is a typical Byzantine report about a sack of a city, and it only stands out from other accounts like it …

John Caminiates

(493 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Iōannēs Kaminiatēs Date of Birth: Unknown; possibly between 870 and 875 Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; maybe Thessaloniki Place of Death: Unknown; probably early or mid-10th c. Biography All the information we have about John Caminiates comes from the only work he wrote, Eis tēn halōsin tēs Thessalonikēs (‘The sack of Thessaloniki’). There, he says he came from a family of wealthy clerics, and his father, who became lector in one of the city’s churches, is also said to have been exarchos of the whole Byzantine church province of Hellas. He himself was not born …

 Theodosiou Monachou tou kai Grammatikou epistolē pros Leonta Archidiakonon peri tēs alōseōs Syrakousēs

(373 words)

Author(s): Martin Hoffman, Lars
Letter of Theodosius, the Monk and Grammaticus, to Leo the Archdeacon about the capture of Syracuse, On the conquest of Syracuse Theodosius of Syracuse Date: Beginning of the 10th century Original Language: Greek Description About a third of the original letter is lost. In what remains, Theodosius records that during the siege of Syracuse, which took place in 878, such great fear of the Arabs arose amongst the inhabitants that, when their water gave out, they preferred to drink urine rather than opening the gates, and may even h…