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 Al-majmūʿ al-mubārak

(1,206 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Tārīkh Ibn al-ʿAmīd'The blessed collection''The history of Ibn al-ʿAmīd' Al-Makīn Jirjis ibn al-ʿAmīd (the elder) Date: After 1277 Original Language: Arabic Description Ibn al-ʿAmīd's historical work, Al-majmūʿ al-mubārak (‘The blessed collection’), is a secular history with minimal interest in ecclesiastical matters. It seems that its title is not original but merely a description of the work by later scholars or copyists. It was written by Ibn al-ʿAmīd in his retirement in Syria and covers the period from creation to th…

Yūḥannā ibn Wahb

(466 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Yūḥannā ibn Wahb ibn Yūḥannā ibn Yaḥyā ibn Būlus Date of Birth: Unknown; probably late 12th century Place of Birth: Unknown; presumably Egypt Date of Death: Unknown; 13th century Place of Death: Unknown; presumably Egypt Biography Very little is known about Yūḥannā ibn Wahb. He was the biographer of the Coptic Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq (1235-43), with whom he had close contact. Our knowledge about him derives from this biography, preserved in the well-known History of the patriarchs. He was contemporary with Cyril III and an eyewitness to many of the events he narrat…

Yūsāb of Fuwwa

(586 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Biography Yūsāb was a monk in the Monastery of St John the Short in Wādī l-Naṭrūn in the 13th century. He bore the surname al-Muḥabrak, ‘the deformed’. As a monk he was known as al-faqīh Yūsuf, Joseph the scholar or expert. Sometime between 1237 and 1239, he was consecrated bishop of Fuwwa in Lower Egypt by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq (r. 1235-43). Later, he was involved in conflict with Cyril because of the patriarch’s practice of simony, and joined the party that sought reform. As the History of the patriarchs that bears his name reports, Yūsāb of Fuwwa played an important role …

 Asmāʾ baṭārikat al-Iskandariyya al-qibṭ al-miṣriyyīn min Murqus al-rasūl ilā ākhirihim

(1,006 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Tārīkh al-ābāʾ al-baṭārika li-l-Anbā Yūsāb usquf Fuwwa‘The names of the Coptic Egyptian patriarchs of Alexandria from the Apostle Mark to the most recent of them’, ‘The history of the fathers, the patriarchs, by Anbā Yūsāb, Bishop of Fuwwa’ Yūsāb of Fuwwa Date: Compilation made between 1676 and 1718, but with earlier sources Original Language: Arabic Description The History of the patriarchs, attributed to Bishop Yūsāb of Fuwwa, reports on the Coptic patriarchs of Alexandria from the Apostle Mark to John XVI (r. 1676-1718; the History does not mention the date of his death). St…

Al-Mufaḍḍal ibn Abī l-Faḍāʾil

(356 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Biography Al-Mufaḍḍal ibn Abī l-Faḍāʾil was a Coptic historian who lived in the 14th century. He became known through his single work Al-nahj al-sadīd (see below), which, according to the colophon of the unique manuscript, he finished in 1358. He may have been the nephew of the historian al-Makīn Jirjis ibn al-ʿAmīd (q.v.); Ghāzī Ibn al-Wāsiṭī (q.v.) in his Radd ʿalā ahl al-dhimma mentions a certain ‘Abū l-Faḍaʾil ibn ukht [son of the sister of] al-Makīn ibn al-ʿAmīd, known as secretary of war in Damascus’. Indeed, al-Mufaḍḍal’s work is no more than a continuation of al-Makīn's history Al-m…

 Sīrat al-baṭriyark Kīrillus ibn Laqlaq

(366 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
'Biography of Patriarch Cyril ibn Laqlaq’ Yūḥannā ibn Wahb Date: About 1243 Original Language: Arabic Description Yūḥannā ibn Wahb’s biography of Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq is the longest biography in the History of the patriarchs. It deals with the circumstances of the Coptic Church between 1216 and 1243, and relates many events in detail, owing to the fact that Yūḥannā witnessed them at first hand. He was not only interested in ecclesiastical matters but also in the political and social affairs of his time. He reports on th…

Al-Makīn Jirjis ibn al-ʿAmīd (the elder)

(648 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Al-Makīn Jirjis ibn Abī l-Yāsir ibn Abī l-Makārim ibn Abī l-Ṭayyib ibn al-ʿAmīd (the elder) Date of Birth: 25 February 1206 Place of Birth: Cairo Date of Death: After 1280 Place of Death: Damascus Biography Jirjis ibn al-ʿAmīd was a Coptic historian; he is often referred to by his honorific al-Makīn, ‘the man of rank’. Our main information about him and his family is based on his own statements in his historical work called A l-majmūʿ al-mubārak (see below). The short biographies of Ibn al-ʿAmīd by Ibn al-Ṣuqāʿī in Tālī kitāb wafayāt al-aʿyān, al-Ṣafadī in Al-wāfī bi-l-wafayāt, and al-Maqr…

 Al-nahj al-sadīd wa-l-durr al-farīd fīmā baʿd Tārīkh Ibn al-ʿAmīd

(765 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
'The correct procedure and singular pearl in what comes after the History of Ibn al-ʿAmīd' Al-Mufaḍḍal ibn Abī l-Faḍāʾil Date: 24 September 1358 Original Language: Arabic Description Al-Mufaḍḍal’s historical work, as its title reveals, is a continuation of al-Makīn ibn al-ʿAmīd (the elder)’s Al-majmūʿ al-mubārak. It deals with the history of Egypt and Syria in the period from the sultanate of al-Ẓāhir Baybars beginning in 1260 to the death of al-Malik al-Nāṣir in 1341, with some additional events up to 1348. For the most part, al-Mufaḍḍal arranges his history by year, as was…

al-Mufaḍḍal b. Abī l-Faḍāʾil

(1,042 words)

Author(s): Moawad, Samuel
Al-Mufaḍḍal b. Abī l-Faḍāʾil (d. after 759/1358) was a Coptic historian in the Baḥrī-Mamlūk period (648–792/1250–1390). The date of his birth is unknown, and almost nothing is known about his life or career. He is the author of the historical work al-Nahj al-sadīd wa-l-durr al-farīd fīmā baʿd taʾrīkh ibn al-ʿAmīd (“The correct procedure and singular pearl in what comes after the History of Ibn al-ʿAmīd”). In his Radd ʿalā ahl al-dhimma (“An answer to the dhimmīs [protected religious minorities]”), Ghāzī b. al-Wāsiṭī (d. 712/1312) mentions a certain Abū l-Faḍāʾil, the s…
Date: 2020-09-16