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Edward Terry

(202 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
BiographyEdward Terry was a clergyman who went to India with the East India Company fleet in 1615. On arrival, he became chaplain to Sir Thomas Row (Roe or Rowe), British ambassador in the Mughal Court, filling the vacancy left by the death of the Revd John Hall. He returned to England in 1619 and wrote about his experiences, and in 1622 presented his account to the Prince of Wales (who became King Charles I in 1625). It appears that  A voyage to East India, which was printed in 1655, expands on that initial work. While Terry was in India, then ruled by the Moghul Emperor Jahāngīr, he…

British travellers to South Asia

(451 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
Thomas Cordyte, Ralph Fitch, William Finch, William Hawkins, and Peter Mundy Date of Birth: Cordyte, about 1577; Fitch, about 1550; Finch, unknown; Hawkins, unknown; Mundy, 1596 Place of Birth: Cordyte, Crewkerne, Fitch, possibly Derby; Finch, possibly London; Hawkins, unknown; Mundy, Penryn, Cornwall Date of Death: Cordyte, 1617; Fitch, 1611; Finch, 1613; Hawkins, 1633; Mundy, 1667 Place of Death: Cordyte, Surat, India; Fitch, England; Finch, Babylon; Hawkins, unknown; Mundy, England BiographyAt the end of the 16th century and during the 17th century, a number of British …

Tomé Pires

(541 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
Biography According to Armando Cortesão, the translator of the Paris manuscript of his work into English, Tomé Pires was born in Lisbon about 1468. His father was reportedly an apothecary to King João II and he himself was ‘an apothecary to Prince Afonso, son of King João II’. Cortesão suggests that it was as a widower that he left Portugal in April 1511, arriving in India in September of the same year. His appointment in India was as a ‘factor of drugs’. After about eight or nine months, he was sent to Malacca ‘to make inquiry about some irregularities and also as control…

 Suma oriental que trata do Mar Roxo até aos Chins

(1,542 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
‘The Suma oriental, from the Red Sea to China’ Tomé Pires Date: 1512-15 Original Language: Portuguese Description The  Suma oriental as it exists in the MS Paris is an imperfectly copied and poorly bound version from about 1611. The work appears to have been written as a report to King Manuel of Portugal, though according to Cortesão, its translator and editor, it may have appeared in shorter versions. The English translation is some 290 pages long and includes an introduction by Cortesão. The  Suma reports on what Tomé Pires had both seen and experienced on his travels from …

 A voyage to New Guinea

(2,564 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
- Thomas Forrest Date: 1779 Original Language: English DescriptionThe 1779 Dublin edition of  A voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas from Balambangan including an account of Magindano, Sooloo, and other islands consists of 21 pages of introductory material, two ‘books’ of 12 and 18 chapters respectively, amounting to 413 pages, with a map as well as some copper plate illustrations, and a further 30 pages of vocabulary of primarily Maguindanao words, followed by a shorter list of some New Guinea words. References to Islam ar…

Thomas Forrest

(326 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
Date of Birth: About 1729 Place of Birth: England Date of Death: About 1802 Place of Death: Not known; most likely India BiographyThomas Forrest was a navigator who served for some time in the Royal Navy. He arrived in India in 1751 and within two years was in the employment of the British East India Company, captaining ships on voyages to the Far East and surviving shipwrecks on a number of occasions. His record of his voyage to New Guinea via various points in Indonesia and the Philippine islands, at the helm of the  Tartar Galley in 1774-6, made his reputation. He also wrote on monsoon…

 A voyage to East-India

(2,417 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
- Edward Terry Date: 1655 Original Language: English DescriptionIn his introduction to A voyage to East-India, Terry indicates that in 1622, following his travels to India, he presented ‘a description of that empire’ to the Prince of Wales (p. iv; page numbers refer to the 1777 edition). The 1655 publication appears to be an expanded edition of the 1622 work. Its full title is A voyage to East India; wherein some things are taken notice of, in our passage thither, but many more in our abode here, within that rich and most spacious empire of the Great Mogul, …

 Reports by British travellers: Thomas Cordyte, Ralph Fitch, William Finch, William Hawkins, and Peter Mundy

(4,421 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
- Thomas Cordyte, Ralph Fitch, William Finch, William Hawkins, and Peter Mundy Date: Late 16th and 17th centuries Original Language: English DescriptionReports written by British travellers represent an activity that began towards the end of the 16th century and continued on through the 17th century. The adventuring travellers left records of their travels to the ‘strange and different’ worlds they encountered and sojourned in. Here we draw on the reports of five representative travellers, focusing on travels to India and the consequent…