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Ṣāliḥūn

(113 words)

Author(s): Ory, Solange.
(a., pluriel de ṣāliḥ), hommes vertueux, gens de bien, cités dans le Ḳurʾān (VII, 168; XXI, 105; LXXII, 11). Le mot figure également sous la forme ṣāliḥin (30 citations). Le ṣāliḥ est associé par Ibn Taymiyya aux ṣiddīḳs (véridiques) S̲h̲āhids (martyrs) et abdāl (substituts), tous représentant la secte des nād̲j̲iya, la seule qui sera sauvée parmi les 73 sectes qui, d’après un ḥadīt̲h̲, diviseront la umma (communauté, cf. Henri Laoust, La profession de foi de Ibn Baṭṭa, Damas, I.F.E.A.D., 1958, 17 n). Ce ḥadīt̲h̲ est à rapprocher du verset ḳurʾānique LXXII, 11: «Parmi nous son…

Calligraphy

(5,171 words)

Author(s): Ory, Solange
The Arabic script ( khaṭṭ), its development, and its formal use in manuscripts of the Qurʾān. Though initially presented as an ¶ oral recitation (see book ), the Qurʾān has played an essential role in the development of the Arabic script (q.v.). According to traditional accounts, certain fragments were committed to writing by some of the Companions of the Prophet (q.v.) on crude materials such as flat stones, veins of palm leaves, animal skins or ceramic shards (see textual history of the qurʾān ). The script was then still imperfect and its signs were little more than a mnemo…