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Extraterrestrial Intelligence

(548 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[German Version] To date, there has been no empirical proof for the existence of intelligent extraterrestrial life. However, if one star in ten has planets like the earth, as our sun does, and if the Milky Way galaxy consists of half a trillion stars, then some 50 billion stars in our galaxy alone could produce life. And astronomers estimate that there could be as many as 100 billion galaxies. The scientific question is still open: are we on earth alone and unique, or do we have cosmic company? ¶ The theological question is: would the discovery of intelligent …

UFOs

(362 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[German Version] (Unidentified Flying Objects), otherwise known as flying saucers, become a topic for theological analysis for two reasons: (1) directly, numerous cults (see New religious movements) incorporate UFOs into their religious worldview; and (2) indirectly, the UFO phenomenon provides a microcosm for understanding the hidden depths of religious meaning in a secularized and scientific culture. The contemporary UFO phenomenon began shortly after World War II and has continued into the 21st century in basically the same form. By the early 1950…

Theology of Nature

(806 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[German Version] Although the concept of nature has played a significant role in the history of Christian theology, the “theology of nature” is a somewhat new development precipitated by the dialogue between theology and the natural sciences. The concept of nature (Physis) does not derive from the Bible. Rather, it enters theological deliberation through medieval analyses of the dialectic of nature and grace. The classic dialectic between nature and grace began with this question: what are the natural conditions necessary for a hum…

Creatianism

(367 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[German Version] is the term for the teaching that the human soul is brought to life by means of a direct act of God. This view follows from the assumption of a noncorporeal or spiritual nature of the soul. Creatianism differs from traducianism (Tertullian, An. XVIII), according to which the soul of the parents is passed on physically to their children through reproduction. Since the soul is noncorporeal, however, it cannot be subject to such a physical generation. Creatianism is at odds with metempsychosis or transmi…

UFO

(350 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[English Version] (Unidentified Flying Objects), auch als fliegende Untertassen bekannt, sind aus zwei Gründen Gegenstand theol. Betrachtung: 1. unmittelbar, da zahlreiche Kulte (s. neue religiöse Bewegungen) UFOs in ihr rel. Weltbild einbeziehen, 2. mittelbar, weil UFO-Erscheinungen einen Mikrokosmos darstellen, anhand dessen sich die verborgenen rel. Untiefen einer säkularisierten und naturwiss. geprägten Kultur ergründen lassen. Zeitgenössische UFO-Erscheinungen traten erstmals nach dem 2. Weltkrieg auf und haben – im wesentlichen unverändert …

Theologie der Natur

(795 words)

Author(s): Peters, Ted
[English Version] . Obwohl das Naturkonzept in der Gesch. der christl. Theol. eine bedeutende Rolle spielte, ist die »Theol. der N.« eine neuere Entwicklung, entstanden aus dem Diskurs zw. Theol. und Naturwissenschaften. Der Begriff der Natur (Physis/Natura) ist nicht bibl. Ursprungs; er fand erst im MA Eingang in die theol. Diskussion, als die Dialektik von Natur und Gnade analysiert wurde. Am Ausgangspunkt der klassischen Erörterung stand die Frage, welche natürlichen Gegebenheiten notwendig seien, damit der Mensch die Gnade…

Schöpfung

(10,029 words)

Author(s): Friedli, Richard | Janowski, Bernd | Herrmann, Klaus | Wischmeyer, Oda | Gunton, Colin E. | Et al.
[English Version] I. Religionsgeschichtlich 1.GrundfragenLeben, Natur, Umwelt und Zeitenlauf (Zeit/Zeitvorstellungen) sind für jede Gesellschaft Alltagserfahrungen. Zur Wirklichkeit gehört aber auch das Risiko, wonach dieser natürliche Lebensraum bedroht und bedrohlich ist. Chaos und Tod gehören zum Kosmos (Welt). Die Realität ist ambivalent. Evolutionstheoretisch gehört zu den entscheidenden Symptomen der Entwicklung vom vormenschlichen zum humanen Existenzbereich, daß diese Risikoerfahrung ritue…

Creation

(11,110 words)

Author(s): Friedli, Richard | Janowski, Bernd | Herrmann, Klaus | Wischmeyer, Oda | Gunton, Colin E. | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religion – II. Old Testament – III. Judaism – IV. New Testament – V. History of Theology – VI. Creation and Preservation – VII. Religious Education – VIII. Islam – IX. Science – X. Art History I. History of Religion 1. Fundamentals Life, nature, the environment, the passage of time – these are everyday experiences for any society. But reality also includes the danger that this world may be imperiled or perilous. Chaos and death are part …