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 Maqāla mawsūma bi-l-ʿaql wa-l-ʿāqil wa-l-maʿqūl

(551 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Maqāla fī ṣiḥḥat iʿtiqād al-Naṣārā fī l-Bāriʾ ʿazza wa-jalla annahu jawhar wāḥid dhū thalāth ṣifātEpistle characterized by the intellect, the intelligent and the intelligible, Epistle on the validity of the belief of the Christians that the Creator is one substance endowed with three attributes Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description In this treatise, two comparisons are presented concerning the triune God. His substance is compared first to two mirrors reflecting each other; they exist in fact in three conditions ( aḥwāl): the mirror as such (ʿ aynan), th…

 Maqāla fī imkān al-taʾannus wa-iḥālat imtināʿihi

(390 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Treatise on the possibility of the Incarnation and the absurdity of holding it impossible Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This short treatise is fully extant only in the manuscripts containing 33 treatises. It has three parts. In the first, Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī argues that it is not impossible that humanity and divinity could unite, as the two are not in opposition or incompatible with each other in the sense that one of them necessarily destroys the other. This is not at all the case, as …

 Maqāla yatabayyan fīhā ghalaṭ Abī Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī fī l-Radd ʿalā al-Naṣārā

(526 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Radd Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ʿalā Abī Yūsuf Ya‘qūb ibn Isḥāq al-KindīTreatise in which is shown the error of Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī in his Refutation of the Christians, Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī‘s refutation of Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: October 961 Original Language: Arabic Description Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī’s demonstration reproduces the main points of al-Kindī’s Refutation of the Trinity, which was probably part of a longer work (see the entry on al-Kindī in CMR 1). As al-Kindī is referring to the Isagoge of Porphyry and presents a purely logical demonstration, Y…

 Mā kataba ilā Abī ʿUmar Saʿd ibn [Saʿīd] al-Zaynabī fī naqḍ al-ḥujaj allatī anfadhahā ilayhi fī nuṣrat qawl al-qāʾilīn inna l-afʿāl khalq li-Allāh wa-iktisāb li-l-ʿibād

(682 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
What (Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī) wrote to Abī ʿUmar Saʿd ibn [Saʿīd] al-Zaynabī about the critique of the arguments he communicated to him, in support of those who assert that actions are God’s creation and an acquisition of man Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description Before defining his own position on iktisāb ( kasb), Yaḥyā makes an extensive presentation of Abū ʿUmar Saʿd al-Zaynabī‘s arguments in defense of the Islamic theory of acquisition. We can summarize them as following: all human actions ‘come into being’ ( muḥdath); everything brought into being is a ‘cr…

 Maqāla fī wujūb al-taʾannus al-ilāhī al-mukarram

(615 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Maqāla fī wujūb al-taʾannusTreatise on the necessity of the divine and revered Incarnation, Treatise on the necessity of the Incarnation Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This treatise is structured in the form of a dialogue, with Yaḥyā’s demonstration, anonymous objections, and Yaḥyā’s replies. One of the first conclusions put forward is that the Creator must necessarily be good by His essence ( wujūb jūd al-Bāriʾ bi-dhātihi), and also that He can transmit His essence to another. And that is exactly what happened in Christ, by wa…

 Kalām fī mabādiʾ al-mawjūdāt wa-marātib quwāhā, wa-l-awṣāf allatī tūṣaf al-dhāt al-ūlā bihā, wa-ʿalā ayy wajh waṣafathā l-Naṣārā bi-l-tawḥīd wa-l-kathra wa-l-jawhariyya wa-l-uqnūmiyya (followed by:) Ḥawāshī arbaʿa fī waḥdāniyyat Allāh wa-ʿilmihi bi-mā yakūn qabla mā yakūn

(1,090 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Īḍāḥ fī l-tawḥīdOn the principles of beings and the orders of their potencies, and the qualities with which the First Essence may be qualified, and how Christians qualify [the First Essence] by unity and multiplicity, substantiality and hypostaticity (followed by:) Four marginal notes on the Unity of God and his foreknowledge of what is before it comes into being, Clarification concerning the Unity [of God] Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This brief ‘Clarification’ has come to us through three channels of transmission, with the following ‘titles’: 1…

Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī

(5,193 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā al-Takrītī al-Manṭiqī Date of Birth: 893 or 894 Place of Birth: Takrīt Date of Death: 13 August 974 Place of Death: Baghdad Biography Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī is one of the most outstanding Christian Arab thinkers of the 10th century. He was a Jacobite theologian and a philosopher, born in the then Christian town of Takrīt in 893 or 894. He spent his active life in Baghdad, where he died on 13 August 974 at the age of 81, and was buried at the Church of St Thomas, in the area called al-Qaṭīʿa, in n…

 Maqāla fī tabyīn al-wajh alladhī ʿalayhi yaṣiḥḥ qawl al-Naṣārā fī l-Bāriʾ - jalla ismuhu - innahu jawhar wāḥid wa-thalāth aqānīm

(399 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Maqāla fī tabyīn al-wajh alladhī ʿalayhi yaṣiḥḥ al-qawl fī l-Bāri’ - jalla wa-taʿālā - innahu jawhar wāḥid dhū thalāth khawāṣṣ tusammīhā l-Naṣārā aqānīmA treatise explaining in which respect it is valid for the Christians to say that the Creator is one substance and three hypostases, A treatise explaining in which respect it is valid to say of the Creator that He is one substance with three properties, called hypostases by the Christians Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description As in some other treatises, Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī does not mention the names of…

 Tabyīn ghalaṭ Muḥammad ibn Hārūn al-maʿrūf bi-Abī ʿĪsā l-Warrāq ʿammā dhakarahu fī kitābihi fī l-Radd ʿalā l-thalāth firaq min al-Naṣārā

(882 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Demonstration of the error of Muḥammad ibn Hārūn known as Abū ʿĪsā l-Warrāq in what he mentioned in his book ‘Refutation of the three Christians denominations’ Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This is the most extensive of Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī’s works. Just as in his refutation of al-Kindī’s demonstration against the Trinity, he quotes, probably exhaustively, from Abū ʿĪsā l-Warrāq’s Refutation of the three Christian sects (see D. Thomas, Anti-Christian polemic in early Islam. Abū ʿĪsā al-Warrāq’s ‘Against the Trinity’, Cambridge, 1992, and Early Muslim…

 Maqāla fī l-tawḥīd ‘alā madhhab al-Naṣārā

(785 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Maqāla fī l-tawḥīdTreatise on the Unity (of God) according to the doctrine of the Christians, Treatise on the Unity (of God) Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: April-May 940 Original Language: Arabic Description Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī refers to this early treatise in his Maqāla fī wujūb al-taʾannus, ‘Treatise on the necessity of the Incarnation’ ( wa-kāna qad tabayyana fī maqālatinā fī l-tawḥīd…), and also in his Demonstration of the error of Abū ʿĪsā al-Warrāq, § 70 (ed. Platti). Before giving his own view on what is meant by ‘one’ ( maʿnā al-wāḥid), Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī criticizes four different positions on…

Kitāb al-burhān fī l-dīn

(118 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography While Kitāb al-burhān fī l-dīn, ‘The book of demonstration on religion’, is the first work in a well-known collection of 33 treatises (mostly) by Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī (q.v.) and is explicitly attributed to this renowned ‘Jacobite’ Christian philosopher-theologian, study of the work shows this attribution to be impossible. At the present stage of research, nothing can be said about the actual author of the work, apart from the fact that he was a Christian. Primary Sources of I…

 Ḥall ḥujjat man rāma an yulzim inna ittiḥād al-Kalima bi-l-insān fī ḥāl mawtihi ghayr mumkin

(345 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Ḥall ḥujjat man arāda an yulzim ittiḥād al-ilāh al-Kalima bi-l-insān fī ḥāl mawtihi ghayr mumkinInvalidation of the argument of those trying to prove that the union of the Logos with man is impossible in the state of his deathInvalidation of the argument of those trying to prove that the union of God the Logos with a human is impossible in the state of his death Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description Yaḥyā ibn ‘Adī’s demonstration is based on the principle that something can remain united to a whole, even if some parts of that whole are dis…

 Jawāb ʿan masāʾil saʾalahā ʿanhā sāʾil fī l-aqānīm al-thalātha

(400 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Jawāb ʿan masāʾil fī l-aqānīm al-thalāthaReply to questions put forward by someone on the three hypostases, Reply to questions on the three hypostases Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This treatise consists of two questions put forward by an anonymous person ( al-sāʾil), and the answers given by Yaḥyā. In fact, Ibn ʿAdī quotes not only the two questions but also some longer remarks made by the questioner. This could be a sign that the text quoted was originally part of a longer and coherent polemical text.…

 Mā kataba bihi Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā ilā Abī Bakr Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Quraysh fī ithbāt ṭabīʿat al-mumkin wa-naqḍ ḥujaj al-mukhālifīn li-dhālika wa-l-tanbīh ʿalā fasādihā

(774 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Fī ithbāt ṭabīʿat al-mumkinWhat Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā wrote to Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Quraysh in support of the nature of the possible, and in refutation of the arguments of those who deny this, which are shown to be untenableEstablishing the nature of the possible Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This longer treatise is part of the set of Yaḥyā’s philosophical-theological treatises mentioned by Endress in his chapter ‘Metaphysics: Questions of kalām’ (sec…

 Maqāla yuthbat fīhā waṣf al-ilāh al-wāḥid bi-l-tathlīth wa-tamthīl al-Āb wa-l-Ibn wa-l-Rūḥ al-qudus bi-l-ʿaql wa-l-ʿāqil wa-l-maʿqūl; ḥall shakk fī dhālika

(388 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Maqāla fī tamthīl al-Naṣārā al-Ibn bi-l-ʿāqil dūna l-maʿqūl wa-l-Rūḥ bi-l-maʿqūl dūna l-ʿāqil wa-ḥall al-shakk fī dhālikaTreatise establishing how to characterize the one God as the Trinity, and how to compare the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit to the intellect , the intelligent, and the; solution concerning some doubts about this [the previous treatise]Treatise on how the Christians compare the Son to the intelligent not the intelligible, and the Spirit to the intelligible not the intelligent, and how to resolve any doubt concerning this Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Orig…

 Maqālat shaykhinā Abī Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā fī tabyīn ḍalālat al-Nasṭūrī al-muʿjab bi-kalām Abī l-Ḥusayn Aḥmad (ibn) Muḥammad al-maʿrūf bi-Ramaq (?) al-Miṣrī fī nuṣratihi al-Nasṭūriyya wa-munāqaḍātuhu fī raddīhi ʿalayhim mā yaʿtaqidūhu min anna l-Masīḥ jawharān

(1,114 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Treatise of our Master Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā to demonstrate the error of the Nestorian who is pleased with the remarks made by Abū l-Ḥusayn Aḥmad (ibn) Muḥammad, known as Ramaq (?) al-Miṣrī, defending the Nestorians, and (Yaḥyā’s) counter arguments in refutation of their belief that Christ is two substances Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: 966 Original Language: Arabic Description This refutation of Abū l-Ḥusayn Aḥmad (ibn) Muḥammad, known as Ramaq (?) al-Miṣrī (q.v.), is part of a larger controversy about the ‘Nestorian’ view that Christ …

 Jawāb ʿan masʾala saʾala ʿanhā mukhālifū l-Naṣārā fī naqḍ(ihim) awṣāfahum al-Masīḥ min jihat al-taʾannus

(663 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Reply to a question asked by the adversaries of the Christians, criticizing the attributes given by them to Christ with regard to the Incarnation Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description According to the incipit of this ‘Reply’, the question asked by ‘adversaries’ of the Christians ( mukhālifū l-Naṣārā) was transmitted to Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī (correcting Périer’s ed.: awṣala ilayya ṣadīqunā… masʾalatan…) by one of his friends, Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn Yūnis. Yaḥyā analyzes and answers their question in different parts of his refutation. In the first…

 Kitāb al-burhān fī l-dīn

(628 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Kitāb al-burhānDemonstration on religion, Demonstration Kitāb al-burhān fī l-dīn Date: Unknown; possibly 10th century Original Language: Arabic Description The author of Kitāb al-burhān fī l-dīn, ‘The book of demonstration on religion’ (the title found in the manuscripts’ table of contents) is unknown. Although the text’s explicit is clear ( Kitāb al-burhān li-Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī), the incipit is ambiguous and seems to refer to a translation of a book written by a Father of the Church, rather than an original work to be attributed to Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī: Nabtadiʾ... bi-tarjamat kitāb al-ab …

 Mufāwaḍa maʿa Abī Muslim bi-ḥaḍrat al-wazīr Abī l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn al-Jarrāḥ fī l-thālūth

(441 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Jawāb ʿan masʾala jarat bayna yaday ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā ibn al-Jarrāḥ fī l-tathlīth wa-l-tawḥīdTalk on the Trinity with Abū Muslim in the presence of the vizier Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn al-Jarrāḥ, Answer to a question raised before ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā ibn al-Jarrāḥ concerning Trinity and Unity Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This is a short answer to a question transmitted to Yaḥyā by one of his friends. The question had come up in a meeting with the famous vizier, Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā ibn al-Jarrāḥ (d. 946 [q.v.]; he was a s…

 Ajwiba ʿan thalāth masāʾil saʾalahu ʿanhā ṣadīquhu Abū ʿAlī Saʿīd ibn Dādīshuʿ fī dhī l-Qaʿda sanat thamānī wa-khamsīn wa-thalāthimiʾa

(510 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Replies to three questions submitted by his friend Abū ʿAlī Saʿīd ibn Dādīshuʿ in Dhū l-Qaʿda 358 Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī Date: 969 (Dhū l-Qaʿda 358 AH) Original Language: Arabic Description This treatise consists of three philosophical-theological questions put forward by a friend of Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī, and Yaḥyā’s reply. The addressee of this ‘reply’, Abū ʿAlī Saʿīd ibn Dādīshuʿ, was most probably a ‘Nestorian’ Christian (Samir, Science divine). The first question has been edited by Samir: Does the Creator know particulars ( al-juzʾiyyāt)? Yaḥya’s answer is clearly ‘Yes’. His argument i…
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