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2.6. Portrait of an emperor: Manuel II Palaiologos

(2,484 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
A. The man A.1. Background and family Born on June 27, 1350, at  Constantinople, Manuel [10#21513] was the second son from the marriage of  John V Palaiologos and  Helena Kantakouzene, daughter of the anti-emperor John VI Kantakouzenos. He was the fifth of the nine emperors (including two anti-emperors) of the Palaiologos dynasty. His siblings were an elder brother (and anti-emperor)  Andronikos (IV), younger brothers  Michael and  Theodore ( despotes of Morea, Theodore I), and his sister Irene, who married the Ottoman Halil of Bithynia.Manuel’s marriage to  Jelena Dragaš produc…
Date: 2019-10-14

George Akropolites

(570 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
Geōrgios Akropolitēs Date of Birth: 1217 Place of Birth: Constantinople Date of Death: 1282 Place of Death: Constantinople Biography George Akropolites belonged to a long-established Constantinopolitan family that, from the early 11th century, had produced several officials who worked in the Byzantine civil administration. A 12th-century lead seal of a certain George Akropolites, found in Argos, probably belonged to his grandfather. He lived till the age of 16 in Constantinople, and received his first education there. Then, from the age of…


(438 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
Biography Although Doucas’s Christian name is unknown, it may be supposed that it was Michael, because that was the name of his grandfather. The first knowledge we have of him is that, in 1421 and the years that followed, he was living in the Genoese colony of Nea Phokaia (near Smyrna), where, as an educated man, versed in Italian and Turkish, he was a secretary of the Genoese Giovanni Adorno, and thus also occupied with diplomatic correspondence. Later, probably after the Ottoman occupation of …

 Chronikē syngraphē

(781 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
Chronikē diēgēsisHistorēma […] archomenon apo tēs halōseōs Kōnstantinoupoleōs‘History’, ‘Historical account’‘History ... beginning with the conquest of Constantinople’ George Akropolites Date: 1260s, perhaps in or soon after 1267 Original Language: Greek Description Since it was written by a leading official, statesman and judge, the History is in general a trustworthy and reliable source for relations – which were both very close and friendly, and also hostile – between the Nicean emperors from 1196 to 1261 (Alexius III Angelus to Micha…


(2,655 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
- Doucas Date: After 1462 Original Language: Greek Description Doucas’s History does not appear to have had a formal title. In the single manuscript, which is most probably a fair copy written by Doucas himself or a close collaborator (cf. Kotzabassi, ‘Ist der Kopist des Geschichtswerkes von Dukas Dukas selbst?’, p. 683), the text begins on fol. 288r without any heading. The initial letter of the opening paragraph is elaborately formed and no leaf is missing at this point (as has often been maintained pre…

2.6. Kaiserporträt: Manuel II. Palaiologos

(2,279 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
A. Person A.1. Herkunft und Familie Geboren am 27. Juni 1350 in Konstantinopel, war Manuel [10#21513] der zweite Sohn aus der Ehe Kaiser Johannes' V. Palaiologos mit Helene Kantakuzene, der Tochter des Gegenkaisers Johannes VI. Kantakuzenos. Von den neun Kaisern (darunter zwei Gegenkaiser) der Palaiologendynastie war er der fünfte. Seine Geschwister sind der ältere Bruder (und Gegenkaiser) Andronikos IV., die jüngeren Brüder Michael und Theodor ( despótēs der Morea, Theodor I.) sowie die Schwester Irene, die den Osmanen Halil heiratete.Manuels Ehe mit Jelena Dragaš entsprang…
Date: 2019-03-15

15.3. The Balkans and the Northeast

(3,995 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter | Sokolov, Kostadin
A. Regions, populations and territories A.1. Southeastern Europe: the BalkansThe  Balkans became part of the Roman Empire towards the end of the 1st century ad. The Late Antique administrative units of Southeastern Europe, the names of which survive to this day in the names of provinces or regions, included  Pannonia, Dalmatia and  Illyria in the northwestern Balkans,  Macedonia and  Thrace in the north and east, and  Epirus, Thessaly and the  Peloponnese in Greece. Southeastern Europe in the 4th and 5th centuries was predominantly Greek to the south and Latin to …
Date: 2019-10-14

15.3. Der Balkan und der Nordosten

(2,562 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter | Sokolov, Kostadin
A. Räume, Bewohner und Herrschaftsgebiete A.1. Südosteuropa: der BalkanraumDer Balkanraum gehörte ab dem Ende des 1. Jh.s n. Chr. zum Röm. Reich. Zu den spätantiken Verwaltungseinheiten, deren Namen sich bis heute als Provinz- oder Regionsbezeichnung erhalten haben, gehören Pannonien, Dalmatien und Illyrien im nördlichen Westbalkan, im Norden und Osten der Balkanhalbinsel Makedonien sowie Thrakien bzw. in Griechenland Epeiros, Thessalien und die Peloponnes. Im 4. und 5. Jh. war Südosteuropa südlich der Jireček-Linie (sie verläuft nach einem Vorschlag de…
Date: 2019-03-15