Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)" )' returned 69 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Corpus Caesarianum

(554 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] Modern name for the chronologically organized collection of  Caesar's own commentarii or those reporting on his wars. Bks. 1-7 (58-52 BC) and 8 (52/51) of the Bellum Gallicum (BG), 3 bks.

Nundinae

(43 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] (etymology ‘nine days’), Roman name for the market days or markets taking place every eight days (i.e. every ninth day), and thus also forming a kind of public and private measure of time.…

Fasti

(2,200 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] A. The term Formed as an adjective from the Latin fās (‘divine right’; no etymological link with *fēs or *făs and their derivative terms fēriae, fēstus and fānum can be demonstrated [11. 134]), fastus in technical language is found only in association with dies, and in Rome then signifies those days on which certain public acts were held to be permitted. This concept gave a calendrical digest of such days ─ among which the dies fasti predominate ─ the name fasti. As regards both name and graphic form, the word displaced all other competing terms for  calenda…

Breviarium

(131 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[English version] Narrative Kurzform der Geschichtsschreibung und als solche von der primär nicht-narrativen Chronik unterschieden. Wie ausführliche Historie wollen B. unterhalten (Velleius Paterculus), doch steht Belehrung, die zur Verkürzung als didaktischem Mittel führt, im Vordergrund: Zielgruppe sind vor allem aufsteigende Schichten, die Bildungswissen benötigen - das bedingt den großen Aufschwung des Texttyps im 4.Jh.; Vermittlungs- und Ents…

Nundinae

(37 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[English version] (etym. “neun Tage”), röm. Bezeichnung für die alle acht Tage (also jeden neunten Tag) erfolgenden Markttage bzw. Märkte und damit auch eine Form öffentlicher und privater Zeitrechnung.…

Commentarii

(747 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] Continuous records (  acta ) in the nature of minutes, documenting the activities of official bodies and their agents (magistrates, collegia, city councils), but also perhaps commercial enterprises, i.e. large private households (Cic. Att. 7,3,7); but the term is not attested for actual balance sheets. The interests involved, and therefore the content (down to the private ‘notebook’, Cic. De or. 1,208), level of standardization and publication of records can vary greatly. Characteristic of the commentarius, as an individual record is that it is almost a…

Lunaria

(160 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] A Latin textual genre attested by numerous mediaeval MSS. Lunaria provide compilations of prescriptions and prognoses for all the days of a lunar month. In content they follow ancient astrological rules (Cato Agr.; Verg. G.; Plin. HN), but the tradition can not be reconstructed without a discontinuity [2. 18]. They correspond to the selenodromia of Greek literature, which certainly do trace back to the ancient

Ephemeris

(109 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] (ἐφημερίς; ephēmerís, pl. ephēmerídes). A diary for personal notes, as office or accounts journal. The common term for such notes is   hypomnḗma(ta) , Lat.   commentarii or   acta . Ephemeris is found as the title of literary works that have been passed down or used, i.a. for the ‘war journal’ of  Alexander [4] the Great used by the historian  Ptolemy I (FGrH 117) and the fictitious Ephemerìs toû Troikoû polémou, the Trojan War diary from the (fictitious)  Dictys Cretensis. Plutarch (Caes. 22) describes Caesar's commentarii as ephemeris; however, in the  Corpus Caesa…

Calendar

(3,617 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) [German version] A. Traditions (CT) …

Passennus Paulus Propertius Blaesus, C.

(126 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] (Form of the name according to  CIL 11,5405, from Assisi). Roman elegiac and lyric poet of the late 1st cent. AD. He is known only from the letters of Pliny the Younger (Plinius [2] P. Caecilius Secundus, C. , Plin. Ep. 6,15,1; 9,22,1f.), who held him in great esteem as an elegiac a…

Breviarium

(167 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] Short, narrative form of  historiography and as such, distinct from the primarily non-narrative  chronicle. As detailed history, breviaria seek to entertain ( Velleius Paterculus), but instruction, leading to abbreviation as a didactic technique, is in the foreground: the target groups were above all the upwardly mobile classes that needed a means of educating themselves -- this explains the increase in that type of textual material in the 4th cent.; (rhetorical) education is often both the starting-point and the medium. In its origins and its function there is a close relationship with  epitome literature and collections o…

Caesar

(5,008 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
I. Historisch [English version] A. Jugend und frühe Karriere C. Iulius Caesar wurde 100 v.Chr. am 13. Quintilis (seit 44: Iulius/Juli) als Sohn der Aurelia, einer Tochter des L. Aurelius Cotta ( cos. 119; [1. 327]) geboren. Sein Vater erreichte im Jahre 92 die Praetur und starb 85. Über C.s Kindheit und frühe Jugend ist nichts bekannt. Vermutlich verbrachte er, wie in Roms Aristokratie üblich, die ersten Jahre in der Obhut der Mutter, im Alter zwischen 7 und 15 folgten Elementar- und Grammatikunterricht (griech. und lat. Lit.…

Kalender

(3,845 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) | Freydank, Helmut (Potsdam)
A. Grundprinzipien [English version] 1. Begriff In seiner heutigen Bed. hat sich K. in nachant. Zeit aus dem lat. Wort für “Schuldbuch”, calendarium (Kalendarium), entwickelt. Der Begriff wird im folgenden als Element der Zeitrechnung einer Kultur verstanden, das jährliche Periodizitäten zu beschreiben oder regulieren versucht. Die kleinste Einheit, mit der ein K. typischerweise rechnet, ist dabei der Tag (Uhr). Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) [English version] 2. Soziale Konstruktion der Zeit Jagd wie Ackerbau verlangen eine Abstimmung auf jahreszeitliche Gegebenheiten (Ja…

Saeculum

(669 words)

Author(s): Haase, Mareile (Berlin) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
(“Zeitalter”). [English version] I. Allgemeines Die ant. Theorien zum s. behandelt Censorinus [4] in Kap. 17 von De die natali (238 n. Chr.) im Rahmen chronographischer Ausführungen. Seine Quelle ist u. a. Varro, der Serv. Aen. 8,526 zufolge einen Text De saeculis verfaßte. Cens. 17,2 definiert s. als “längstmögliche menschliche Lebensdauer” ( spatium vitae humanae longissimum partu et morte definitum). Etr. (17,5-6) und röm. Trad. (17,7-15) sind bei Censorinus klar geschieden ( Roman(or)um s.: 17,7): Die rituelle Inszenierung des Beginns eines neuen s. durch die ludi Terentini o…

Vargunteius

(163 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) | Bartels, Jens (Bonn)
Roman nomen gentile, recorded from the 2nd cent. BC onwards (AE 1997,283; Schulze, 160). [German version] [1] Recitator, 2nd cent. BC Roman recitator of the 2nd cent. BC, who recited the Annales of Ennius [1] to large crowds on particular days (Suet. Gramm. 2) and who was understood in later times as a grammarian. Obtaining a textual edition from the Anecdoton Parisinum (GL 7,534) by conjecture on the name is problematic. Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) Bibliography HLL 1, § 38. [German version] [2] Legate, fell in 53 BC Died in the Parthian War in 53 BC, when, as a legate of M. Licinius …

Messalla

(200 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
Cognomen in the family of the Valerii ( Valerius). The best-known bearers are Manius Valerius Maximus M. ( cos. 263 BC), a commander in the Second Punic War, Marcus Valerius M. Rufus ( cos. 53), a follower of Caesar and antiquarian, and Marcus Valerius M. Corvinus ( cos. suff. 31), a supporter of emperor Augustus, who promoted Tibullus and other contemporaneous poets. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] Valerius M. Avienus Legatus senatus in c. AD 396/98, praef. praet. for Italia and Africa As a member of an old consular family (Rut. Nam. 1,271f.; Macr. Sat. 1,6,26), he became l…

Velius

(546 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] [1] V. Cerialis Amicus of Pliny the Younger (Plin. Ep. 4,21). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] D. V. Fidus Senatorial cos. suff. in November/December AD 148, together with M. Calpurnius [II 16] Longus (AE 1996, 1384 = [1]); governor of the province of Syria Palaestina in 150 (PSI IX 1026 = [2]). Member of the Pontifices in 155 (CIL VI 2120). IGLS VI 2777 is probably his burial inscription [3]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 J. D'Arms, Memory, Money, and Status at Misenum: Three New Inscriptions from the Collegium of the Augustales, in: JRS 90, 2000, 126-144 2…

Caesar

(5,998 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
I. Historical [German version] A. Youth and early career C. Iulius Caesar was born in 100 BC on the 13th of Quintilis (from 44 BC: Iulius/July); his mother was Aurelia, a daughter of L. Aurelius Cotta ( cos. 119 BC; [1. 327]). His father became praetor in 92 BC, and died 85 BC. Nothing is known of C.'s childhood and early youth. As it was the custom for the Roman aristocracy, C., too, presumably spent his first years in the care of his mother, followed between the ages of 7 and 15 by elementary schooling and grammatical tuition (G…

Persius

(1,141 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance)
[German version] [1] P., C. Roman teacher of rhetoric and orator, 2nd cent. BC A Roman distinguished by his education (Lucil. 592-596 Marx; Cic. Fin. 1,7; Plin. HN pr. 7), who was believed by some contemporaries to have written the speech De sociis et nomine latino (against C. Sempronius Gracchus' policies concerning the allies) for C. Fannius [I 1] in 122 BC, a speech which far outshone Fannius' other speeches in terms of rhetoric (Cic. Brut. 99: 'from the Elders'). More likely one of the first teachers of rhetoric at Rome than a senator.…

Gastronomical poetry

(611 words)

Author(s): Montanari, Ornella (Bologna) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)
[German version] I. Greek Gastronomical poetry (GP) may be considered a special stream of the parodistic poetry that  Hegemon of Thasos turned into a genuine literary genre in the late 5th cent. BC: light, jesting poetry (though resulting from artistic dedication) sings the delights of the stomach and the table. The lost Δεῖπνον ( Deîpnon, ‘Feast’) of Hegemon was the description of a banquet ( anagraphḗ, Ath. 1,5a; s. also  symposium literature), as are the works of the same name by Numenius of Heraclia (3rd cent. BC, cf. SH 596) and Timachidas of Rhodes (2nd…
▲   Back to top   ▲