Divine verbal utterance that bridges the gap between God's transcendence and the created world. That God addresses himself to the world by means of speaking is one of the most influential concepts in the whole monotheistic tradition and is also a central issue for the Qurʾān (see revelation and inspiration; orality; scripture and the qurʾān; south arabia, religions in pre-islamic). There, several verbs describe God as speaking, e.g.
nādā, “to call” (ten times),
qaṣṣa, “to relate” (thirteen times), or
nabbaʾa, “to tell” (twenty-one times); but the most important verbs are
qāla, “to sa…