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Abdurrauf Singkili

(1,784 words)

Author(s): Riddell, Peter G.
Abdurrauf Singkili (c. 1615–93), one of the greatest Islamic scholars to emerge from the Malay world, was born in the Sumatran town of Singkel, then a vassal state of the sultanate of Aceh. His childhood years coincided with the peak of Aceh’s imperial greatness and its pre-eminent role as a religious centre in the Malay world. Virtually nothing is known of his childhood, though some information can be deduced from the context in which he lived. Sultan Iskandar Muda (r. 1607–36), arguably Aceh’s greatest ruler, was concerned not only with expanding A…
Date: 2020-02-11

 Nasīḥat al-Muslimīn wa-tadhkirat al-muʾminīn faḍāʾil al-jihād fī sabīl Allāh wa-karāmat al-mujāhidīn fī sabīl Allāh

(788 words)

Author(s): Riddell, Peter G.
‘Advice for Muslims and an admonition for believers on the virtue of jihad in the way of God and honouring those who wage jihad in the way of God’ ʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī Date: 1772 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionThis work consists of seven chapters and a conclusion, with the chapter titles providing a clear insight into the content of the work, as follows: 1.     The virtue of and instructions on jihad in the way of God; 2.     Hadith reports on the virtue of jihad in the way of God; 3.     The virtue of preparation for jihad in the way of God; 4.     Hadith accounts on the virtue of…

ʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī

(522 words)

Author(s): Riddell, Peter G.
Date of Birth: Around 1704 Place of Birth: Palembang, Sumatra Date of Death: Around 1789 Place of Death: Unknown; possibly Arabia BiographyʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī was born in Palembang, Sumatra, to a father who had migrated from Yemen and who was initially a local teacher of Islam before taking up the position of mufti in Kedah, Malaya. As a young man, ʿAbd al-Ṣamad retraced his family’s footsteps to Arabia, where he spent the greater part of his life, writing and studying with several prominent Malay scholars ba…

 Jihad letters to Javanese rulers

(795 words)

Author(s): Riddell, Peter G.
- ʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī Date: 22 May 1772 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionApart from his treatise on jihad,  Nasīḥat al-Muslimīn wa-tadhkirat al-muʾminīn, ʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī also composed at least three letters to Javanese rulers and princes, urging them to wage jihad on the Dutch colonial army. The three letters in their Dutch translation are held in the National Archives of the Netherlands. Originally in Arabic, the letters were translated into Javanese and then into Dutch. G.W.J. Drewes then pr…

Malay Literature and the Qurʾān

(5,284 words)

Author(s): Riddell, Peter G.
The Qurʾān has played a unique role in the history of Malay literature. While other great classics of the field of Malay literary studies wielded influence for a particular season and laid the groundwork for subsequent works, the Qurʾān has had a powerful presence throughout the many centuries of Malay literary activity, sometimes invisibly and at other times playing a significant role in its own right.The oldest surviving fragments of the Qurʾān from the Malay world date from around 1009/1600. But the Qurʾān was clearly present in the Southeast Asian region long before that time. In…
Date: 2019-10-22