Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Roggema, Barbara" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Roggema, Barbara" )' returned 47 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Job of Edessa, Job ‘the Spotted’, Ayyub Urhāyā, Ayyūb al-Ruhāwī ‘al-Abrash’

(847 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Job of Edessa Date of Birth: Unknown, probably c. 760 Place of Birth: Probably Edessa Date of Death: Unknown, after 832 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Job of Edessa was a philosopher, physician and translator in Baghdad during the caliphate of al-Maʾmūn. His association with the ʿAbbasid court is evidenced by the fact that he was one of al-Maʾmūn’s physicians, at least according to a late source (Yāqūt, Irshād). At the opening of his Book of treasures, he is called ‘chief physician’ ( resh asawātā). Job’s translation activity was predominantly in the field of medicine; the fa…

Unknown author

(53 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Disputation of John and the Emir Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Egartā d-Mār(y) Yoḥannan patṛ iyarkā metṭụ l mamllā d-mallel ʿam amirā da-Mhaggrāyē, Barbara Roggema

Unknown author

(50 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Pseudo-Leo III’s first letter to ʿUmar II Date of Birth: Unknown, 8th c.? Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown, 8th c.? Place of Death: Unknown Biography -- Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Title unknown Barbara Roggema

Unknown author

(52 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Confession which Kaʿb al-Aḥbār handed down to the Ishmaelites Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Tawditā d-ashlem l-Ishmaʿlāyē Kaʿb sāprā – dukhrāneh l-lūttā Barbara Roggema

 Kitāb dalīl al-ḥāʾir

(113 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Guide for the confused Yūḥannā ibn al-Ṣalt Date: Unknown, 2nd half of 9th c.? Original Language: Arabic Description An apologetic exposé of the Christian religion, according to Sbath, Fihris i, p. 7. Significance The work may have been contained arguments in defense of Christianity that were specifically designed to respond to the challenge of Islamic doctrine, but this cannot be determined until a manuscript can be accessed. Manuscripts MS Cairo - Ṣalīb (inaccessible MS in the private collection of ʿAbd al-Masīḥ Ṣalīb al-Masʿūdī, cf. Sbath, Fihris i, p. 7) Editions & Translations -- St…

 Ktābā d-simātā

(1,094 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Book of treasures Job of Edessa, Job ‘the Spotted’, Ayyub Urhāyā, Ayyūb al-Ruhāwī ‘al-Abrash’ Date: Probably c. 817 Original Language: Syriac Description This extensive work, which covers almost 300 pages in Mingana’s translation, comprises a detailed analysis of a wide range of natural phenomena which aims at detecting how the principle characteristics of the elements shape the natural world. The fact that Job states that he hopes to finish the book despite the war that was raging (p. 154), has led Mingana to assume…

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm ibn Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Saʿdī al-Jūzajānī

(295 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Al-Jūzajānī Date of Birth: Unknown, probably early 9th c. Place of Birth: Khurāsān Date of Death: 870 or 873 Place of Death: Damascus Biography Al-Jūzajānī was originally from Khurāsān and traveled widely in the Muslim world before settling in Damascus. He is primarily known as a scholar and transmitter of ḥadīth, from Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal among others. Some of his works and the traditions he cited in them are known through ḥadīth collectors of subsequent generations and also through the works of Muḥammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī, who used al-Jūzajānī as a source. Al-Ṭabarī…

 Title uncertain

(1,728 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Letter of ʿUmar ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz to Leo, King of the Christian infidelsThe Letter of ʿUmar II to Leo III Unknown author Date: Unknown, probably mid/late 8th c. Original Language: Arabic Description Several Eastern Christian and Muslim sources from the 9th and 10th centuries make mention of the fact that the Umayyad Caliph ʿUmar ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (r. 717-20) corresponded with the Byzantine emperor Leo III (r. 717-41) about religion (Kaplony, Konstantinopel und Damascus, pp. 207-37). The Armenian History of Ghewond (q.v.) contains a fairly long refutation of Islam which…

 Al-burhān

(1,425 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Proof Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Yaḥyā ibn al-Munajjim Date: Before 873 Original Language: Arabic Description This work belongs to the genre of ‘proofs of prophethood’ treatises (of which several were written in the 9th century) by way of an invitation to Islam, sent to Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq (q.v.) and Qusṭā ibn Lūqā. It is one of the earliest texts to focus heavily on the inimitability of the Qur’ān in the context of the theological-apologetic search for an absolute proof of Muḥammad’s prophethood. The author structured his proof arou…

 Kayfiyyat idrāk ḥaqīqat al-diyāna

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Kitāb ilā ʿAlī ibn Yaḥyā jawāb kitābihi fīmā daʿāhu ilayhi min dīn al-islāmHow to discern the truth of a religion (with variations)A work written to ʿAlī ibn Yaḥyā [ibn al-Munajjim] in response to the work in which he invited him to the religion of Islam Abū Zayd Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-ʿIbādī Date: Unknown Original Language: Arabic Description This text is another of the few works by Ḥunayn that deal exclusively with religion, constituting a defense of Christianity in response to pressure to convert to Islam. The work is known in two different recensions…

Unknown author

(137 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Life of Constantine-Cyril Date of Birth: Unknown, probably 9th c. Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown, 9th or 10th c. Place of Death: Unknown Biography Constantine was called Cyril in his later life, and he and his brother Methodius are known as the 'apostles of the southern Slavs'. His Life was written not long after his death in 869, and the fact that the author was familiar with the details of his youth and used a high literary style has led some scholars to identify him as his brother Methodius. This is plausible, although it cannot be stated with any certainty. Primary Sources …

Abū l-Rabīʿ Muḥammad ibn al-Layth

(643 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Ibn al-Layth Date of Birth: 1st half of 8th c. Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: c. 819 Place of Death: Unknown, possibly Kūfa Biography Ibn al-Layth is called by Ibn al-Nadīm an ‘orator’ ( khaṭīb), ‘jurist’ ( faqīh), apologist/theologian ( mutakallim), ‘epistolographer’ ( mutarassil), and ‘secretary’ ( kātib). According to one of Ibn al-Nadīm’s sources, he was of Persian background, ultimately a descendent of king Darius. Another of his sources calls him a mawlā of the Umayyads. He held high positions under the ʿAbbasid caliphs al-Mahdī, al-Hādī and Hārūn al-Rashīd a…

 Egartā d-Mār(y) Yoḥannan patṛ iyarkā metṭụ l mamllā d-mallel ʿam amirā da-Mhaggrāyē,

(1,069 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
TheLetter of Patriarch John about his disputation with an emir of the Mhaggrāyē Unknown author Date: Unknown, between c. 640 and 874 Original Language: Syriac Description This letter purports to be a report in the form of a letter of a disputation between a Syrian Orthodox patriarch named John (Yoḥannan) and an anonymous emir (army commander/governor). The emir interrogates the patriarch on topics such as the integrity of the Bible, the divinity of Christ and the Christian sources of law. The answers given by the patriarch bear strong resemblance to themes and arguments fo…

 Majlis dhakara[hu] Īliyya muṭrān Naṣībīn ḥaḍarahu Isrāʾīl al-Kaskarī

(1,031 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
A disputation reported by Elijah, Metropolitan of Nisibis, which Israel of Kashkar attended, The Debate between Israel of Kashkar and al-Sarakhsī Unknown author Date: Unknown, probably 2nd half of 9th c. Original Language: Arabic Description This text purports to be a report of a religious debate that took place between the East-Syrian bishop Israel of Kashkar (d. 872, q.v.) and Aḥmad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Sarakhsī, student of the famous Muslim philosopher and polymath Abū Yūsuf al-Kindī (q.v.). The latter is said to have been the ins…

 Tashʿitā d-rabban Sargīs

(1,313 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The story of Rabban Sergius, The Legend of Sergius BaḥīrāThe Baḥīrā legend Unknown author Date: Unknown, probably early 9th c. Original Language: Syriac Description This ‘story’ is a Syriac polemical legend that seeks to explain the rise of Islam from a Christian perspective. It purports to reveal the influence of a Christian monk on Muḥammad during his early life and the beginning of his mission as prophet, and it exploits the story found in the Muslim biographies of Muḥammad (e.g. Ibn Isḥāq’s Sīra) about a monk called Baḥīrā who recognized Muḥammad as the true and final prophet. The legen…

 C’amebaj c’midisa mikaelisi romeli iq’o lavrasac’midi mamisa čuenisa sabajssa

(1,433 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Martyrdom of Saint Michael who was in the great lavra of our holy father Saba Unknown author Date: 9th c. or 10th c. Original Language: Arabic Description The Martyrdom is said to have been narrated to the unnamed author by a certain Basil of Mār Saba, which is perhaps an allusion to the Basil who was hegoumenos of the monastery at the turn of the 9th century, according to Stephen Manṣūr (q.v.). Basil supposedly heard the story about Michael’s martyrdom from Theodore Abū Qurra (q.v.), when he visited him in his cell. Theodore relates to him how the Umayyad Caliph ʿAbd al-Malik, on a…

 Risālat Abī l-Rabīʿ Muḥammad ibn al-Layth allatī katabahā li-l-Rashīd ilā Qusṭanṭīn malik al-Rūm

(1,610 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Letter of Abū l-Rabīʿ Muḥammad ibn al-Layth which he wrote for al-Rashīd to the Byzantine emperor Constantine Abū l-Rabīʿ Muḥammad ibn al-Layth Date: c. 796 Original Language: Arabic Description The Risāla has come down to us through Ibn Abī Ṭāhir Ṭayfūr (d. 893), who included it in volume 12 of his al-Manthūr wa-l-manẓūm, and its authenticity has not been questioned by modern scholars. It can be dated with some precision to between 790 and 797. At the time of Hārūn al-Rashīd’s accession in 786, the Empress Irene ruled the Byzantine empire on …

Unknown author

(93 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Martyrdom of Michael of Mār Saba Date of Birth: Unknown, probably 8th or 9th c. Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown, probably 9th or 10th c. Place of Death: Unknown Biography The author of this Martyrdom does not reveal his identity, but was probably connected with the Monastery of Mār Saba, whose founder and later followers are highly praised in the epilogue. Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations C’amebaj c’midisa mikaelisi romeli iq’o lavrasac’midi mamisa čuenisa sabajssa Barbara Roggema

 To Mār Naṣr, Letter 36

(558 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
To Mār Naṣr, Letter 36 Timothy (Ṭīmāteʾōs), East-Syrian patriarch Date: Unknown, after Letter 35, probably between 785 and 789 Original Language: Syriac Description Like Letter 35, this is addressed to the Christian Naṣr and is again apologetic in nature. Timothy explains that it is written against those who denigrate the majesty of Christ. He does not only mean Muslims here, but also Jews, Manicheans, Arians and Marcionites. Hurst has noted that Timothy's approach is somewhat different from that employed in his apolo…

 Drāshā da-hwā l-ḥad men Ṭayyāyē ʿam iḥidāyā ḥad b-ʿumrā d-Bēt Ḥālē

(2,002 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Disputation that took place between one of the Arabs and a certain monk from the monastery of Bēt ḤālēThe Disputation between a monk of Bēt Ḥālē and an Arab notable (with slight variants) Unknown author Date: Probably 720s Original Language: Syriac Description This East-Syrian religious disputation between a monk and an Arab, which covers only 8 folios in the accessible manuscript, is one of the oldest surviving examples of the disputation genre of Christian apologetics vis-à-vis Islam. It is presented as a report of a live encounter and cast in the format of ‘question-and-answer’. Th…
▲   Back to top   ▲