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 Risāla fī l-kanāʾis al-miṣriyya

(921 words)

Author(s): Ryad, Umar
Risāla fī l-kanāʾis al-miṣriyya‘A treatise on the Egyptian churches’ Zayn al-ʿAbidīn, Zayn al-Dīn ibn Ibrahīm ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr Date: 1559/60 Original Language: Arabic Description This treatise is the twelfth in Ibn Nujaym’s compilation,  Al-rasāʾ il  al-zayniyya  fi madhhab al-Ḥanafiyya, which contains 40 short chapters and fatwas collected by Ibn Nujaym’s son Aḥmad one month after his father’s death. Ibn Nujaym wrote most of these chapters at the request of the head judge in Cairo. This treatise is very short, no more than four folios in some manus…

Ibn Ṭūlūn

(584 words)

Author(s): Ryad, Umar
Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn al-Ṣāliḥī l-Dimashqī l-Ḥanafī Date of Birth: 1473 Place of Birth: Al-Ṣālīḥiyya, Damascus Date of Death: 1546 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn was one of the most prolific writers of his age, mostly noted for his works on Prophetic traditions, jurisprudence and history. His autobiography,  Al-fulk al-mashḥūn fī aḥwāl Muḥammad ibn Ṭūlūn, is an excellent source for his intellectual and religious career as well as the traditional Islamic education of his time. Born…

Introduction: the Ottoman and Persian Empires in the 18th century

(4,638 words)

Author(s): Ryad, Umar
The 18th century witnessed tremendous political, military, social, economic, cultural and religious changes, which affected Christian-Muslim relations in the Ottoman Empire and in other Persian- and Arabic-speaking regions of the Islamic world. Historians of pre-modern Muslim societies still argue whether the 18th century really marked the beginnings of ‘revivalist’ ideas in the Muslim world.[1] The call to reform Islam emanated from the fact that Muslim scholars wanted to get back to the ‘golden’ Islamic past, instead of totally embr…

Ibn Nujaym al-Miṣrī

(529 words)

Author(s): Ryad, Umar
Zayn al-ʿAbidīn, Zayn al-Dīn ibn Ibrahīm ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr Date of Birth: 1520 Place of Birth: Egypt Date of Death: 1563 Place of Death: Cairo Biography Ibn Nujaym was born in Egypt during the early period of Ottoman rule. Biographical references do not give detailed accounts to his early life and upbringing, his family or his father’s profession. After his elementary religious education, he probably joined the circles of well-known religious Ḥanafī scholars, such as Amīn al-Dīn ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-ʿĀl al-Ḥanafī (d. 1560), and gained his ijāza at a young age.…

 Risāla fī ḥukm ʿĪsā ʿalayhi al-salām huna nuzūlih

(208 words)

Author(s): Ryad, Umar
Risāla fī ḥukm ʿĪsā ʿalayhi al-salām huna nuzūlih‘A treatise on the verdict about the descent of Jesus (peace be upon him)' Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn al-Ṣāliḥī l-Dimashqī l-Ḥanafī Date: Before 1536 Original Language: Arabic Description Like many other works by Ibn Ṭūlūn, this treatise is not known to be extant. Its title is listed by Ismāʿīl Pasha al-Baghdādī together with Ibn Ṭūlūn's other 40 works of Hadith, while Brockelmann mentions it as  Irshād dhawi l-ʿirfān li-nuzūl ʿIsā ʿalayhi al-salām. Strangely enough, this title is not mentioned in Ib…