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Macaronic Poetry

(1,780 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
[English version] Macaronic poetry (MP) is sometimes used in a figurative sense when words, groups of words or sentences of another language are inserted unaltered into a poetic text, be it systematically or alternately, as e. g. in the Plautinian comedy Poenulus, in which sentences in the Punic language appear (Poen. 930-949), or in the medieval Carmina Burana. Nevertheless, the term MP ought to be used exclusively in its original sense, which is that of a poem, or part of a poem or drama ( e.g., the famous macaronic scene in Molière’s Le malade imaginaire), in which two languages are i…

Pronunciation of Latin

(6,350 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
¶ ‘Quod ad nos attinet, in pronuntiando peregrini aeque sumus omnes’ (‘As far as we are concerned, we are all equally foreigners in our pronunciation’) (Diego Abad (1727–1779)1 At the court of Emperor Maximilian I (1493–1519), E…

Neo-Latin Prose in the Twilight Years (1700-Present)

(15,774 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
¶ Although Neo-Latin studies have flourished over the last half century, we may safely say that up to the present, Neo-Latin prose written after 1650–1700 has not received much attention from the schol…

Makkaronische Dichtung

(1,631 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
[English version] Im übertragenen Sinn wird bisweilen von M. D. gesprochen, wenn in einen poetischen Text - bald systematisch, bald wechselweise - Wörter, Wortgruppen oder Sätze unverändert in einer anderen Sprache eingefügt werden, wie z. B. in der Plautinischen Kom. Poenulus, in der Sätze in punischer Sprache auftauchen (Poen. 930-949), oder in den ma. Carmina Burana. Gleichwohl sollte man den Begriff M. D. ausschließlich im eigentlichen Sinn verwenden: Es handelt sich dann um ein Gedicht bzw. den Teil eines Gedichts oder eines Dramas (man denke…


(9,015 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
¶ Inscriptions remain the least studied branch of Neo-Latin letters, despite constituting an autonomous genre governed by its own rules,1 often displaying outstanding literary quality and supplying testimony to the inte…

Coins and Medals

(3,760 words)

Author(s): Sacré, Dirk
¶ Modern coins and medals containing Latin words or sentences cannot be disconnected from ancient examples. During the Middle Ages, Roman (and Greek) coins and medals exerted only a limited attraction,…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: Fascism (1922–1943)

(3,146 words)

Author(s): Lamers, Han | Reitz-Joosse, Bettina L. | Sacré, Dirk
¶ ‘Much of what was the immortal spirit of Rome is reborn in fascism: the lictor is Roman, our organisation of combat is Roman, our pride and our courage are Roman: Civis Romanus sum.’1 Just months before his seizure of power, Benito…

Netherlands and Belgium

(37,064 words)

Author(s): Heesakkers, C. L. | Tournoy, G. | Sacré, Dirk | Moormann, Eric M. | Paardt, Van Der | Et al.
Heesakkers, C. L. Tournoy, G. I. The Low Countries to 1575 (CT) [German version] A. The Territory and Academic Landscape (CT) The territory of the present-day Benelux states only began to form a certain geographical, political and cultural unit under the Dukes of Burgundy in the 14th cent. Philip the Bold, son of the French king and since 1363 Duke of Burgundy, married the heiress of Flanders in 1369. His grandson Philip the …

Niederlande und Belgien

(32,650 words)

Author(s): Heesakkers, C. L. | Tournoy, G. | Heesakkers, Christiaan Lambert | Sacré, Dirk | Moormann, Eric M. | Et al.
Heesakkers, C. L. Tournoy, G. I. Die alten Niederlande bis 1575 (RWG) [English version] A. Das Gebiet und die Wissenschafts- und Unterrichtslandschaft (RWG) Das Gebiet der heutigen Benelux-Staaten bildet erst unter den burgundischen Herzögen des 14. Jh. eine gewisse geogr., polit. und kulturelle Einheit aus. Der frz. Königssohn Philipp der Kühne, seit 1363 Herzog von Burgund, heiratete 1369 die Erbprinzessin der Grafschaft Flandern. Sein Enkel Philipp der Gute (†1467) erwarb außer Burgund, Flandern und anderen Erbländ…