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 Ta Synodika tou autou en hosia tē mnēmē Sōphroniou

(515 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Epistola synodicaThe Synodika of the same Sophronius of holy remembrance, Synodical Letter Sophronius, ‘the Sophist’ Date: 634 Original Language: Greek Description As one of his first acts as patriarch, Sophronius convened a council of local bishops and abbots of monasteries to condemn the heresy of monothelitism to which the Eastern patriarchates (except Jerusalem), the pope and the Emperor Heraclius were aspiring as a means of compromise in the rift between the Chalcedonian Orthodox and non-Chalcedonian Monophysit…

 Tou en hagiois patros hēmōn Sōphroniou archiepiskopou Hierosolymōn logos eis ta theia tou sōtēros genetēlia en hagia Kyriakē katantēsanta kai eis tēn tōn Sarakēnōn ataxian kai phthartikēn epanastasin

(384 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Sermon of our father Sophronius, Archbishop of Jerusalem, who belongs to the saints, on the divine birthday of the Savior falling on holy Sunday and on the disorder and the destructive rising up of the Saracens, Christmas Sermon Sophronius, ‘the Sophist’ Date: 634 Original Language: Greek Description This is an oration which Sophronius delivered at the Church of the Theotokos in Jerusalem on Christmas day, which, as he himself states, had fallen on a Sunday (hence, in the year 634). At such a joyful event, however, Sophronius laments the fac…

Gregory Dekapolites

(346 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Biography The source of information about Gregory is a Life written by a certain Ignatius, ‘deacon and sacristan of the Great Church of God’ (Constantinople), later professor of rhetoric at the patriarchal school of St Sophia, bishop of Nicea from 845, and author of Lives of other moderate iconophile personalities such as the Patriarchs Tarasius (784-806) and Nicephorus I of Constantinople (806-15). He tells how early in his youth Gregory left the world for an ascetic and monastic life. During the reign of the iconoclast Emperor Theophilus (829-42), he emb…

Sophronius, ‘the Sophist’

(1,062 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem Date of Birth: Between 550 and 580, most probably c. 560 Place of Birth: Damascus Date of Death: 11 March 638 Place of Death: Jerusalem Biography Sophronius, son of Myro and Plynthas, who were Greek-speaking but of Syrian origin, was born in Damascus, a city which he praises for its Hellenistic culture and long philosophical tradition. He was a teacher of rhetoric (whence ‘sophist’), author, monk (tonsured c. 584-85), theologian and hymnographer (like his compatriots Andrew of Crete [d. c. …

 Tou en hagiois patros hēmōn Sōphroniou archiepiskopou Hierosolymōn logos eis to hagion baptisma

(334 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Sermon of our father Sophronius, Archbishop of Jerusalem, who belongs to the saints, on Holy BaptismSermon on Holy Baptism, Sermon on Epiphany Sophronius, ‘the Sophist’ Date: 637? Original Language: Greek Description Sophronius delivered this Sermon on Holy Baptism or Epiphany on the occasion of the feast of the baptism of Christ. The Arab invasions must have been at an advanced stage, since he describes the predicament of the Christians in the hands of the 'vengeful and God-hating Saracens' in much starker language than before. In a…

 Logos historikos Gregoriou tou Dekapolitou, pany ōphelimos kai glykytatos kata polla, peri optasias hēn tis Sarrakēnos pote idōn, episteuse, martyrēsas dia ton Kyrion hēmōn Iēsoun Christon

(975 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
A historical sermon by Gregory Dekapolites; very profitable and most pleasing in many ways, about a vision which a Saracen once had, and who as a result of this believed and became a martyr for our Lord Jesus Christ’, ‘‘A historical sermon by Gregory Dekapolites; very profitable and most pleasing in many ways, about a vision which a Saracen once had, and who as a result of this believed and became a martyr for our Lord Jesus Christ, The Sermon of Gregory Dekapolite Gregory Dekapolites Date: Unknown Original Language: Greek Description In his sermon Gregory Dekapolites states that the …

Iconoclasm

(1,544 words)

Author(s): Sahas, Daniel J.
Opposition to the religious use of images. The term “iconoclasm,” which literally means “image breaking,” became a religious and socio-political movement in the eighth and ninth century c.e. The Byz…