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Gemination

(1,142 words)

Author(s): Samuel Rosenthall
Geminate consonants in Classical Arabic are not contrastive, i.e., there are no two monomorphemic words that contrast single and geminate consonants. Gemination of consonants, however, is associated with a number of morphological contexts. Along with cases of morphologically conditioned gemination, there are cases of phonologically conditioned gemination, occurring as a consequence of satisfying the templatic conditions of stems in Arabic (McCarthy and Prince 1990a, 1990b). The targets of morpho…
Date: 2018-04-01

Obligatory Contour Principle

(2,048 words)

Author(s): Samuel Rosenthall
The Obligatory Contour Principle ( OCP), originally proposed to account for the distribution of tones in West African languages (see Leben 1973; Goldsmith 1976), has been extended to a wider range of phenomena, leading to McCarthy's formal definition of the principle: “At the melodic level, adjacent identical elements are not permitted” (1986:208). The study of Arabic phonology and morphology has had a profound influence in extending the role of the OCP in grammar. The OCP, as first proposed, is illustrated by the tonology of Mende, which has surface tone patterns LHH and HLL (H hi…
Date: 2018-04-01