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Kaʿb al-Aḥbār

(738 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
, Abū Iṣhāḳ b. Mātiʿ b. Haysuʿ/Haynūʿ , a Yemenite Jew who became a convert to Islam, probably in 17/638 (al-Ṭabarī, i, 2514), and is considered the oldest authority on Judaeo-Islamic traditions. Ḥibr/ḥabr , from the Hebrew ḥāber , the scholarly title immediately below rabbi current among Babylonian Jewish scholars, is presumed to be equivalent to the Arabic ʿālim (al-K̲h̲awārizmī, Mafātīḥ , 35); in Kaʿb al-Aḥbār the plural is a determinative complement, while in the less frequent Kaʿb al-Ḥabr the latter element is in apposition to Kaʿb. Lidzbarski ( De propheticis ... legendis arabici…

Bādīs

(423 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
b. Ḥabbūs b. Māksin al-Ṣinhād̲j̲ī, called al-Muhẓaffar (the victorious”), a Berber Zīrid, cousin of Bādīs Abū Mennād [q. v.], King of Granada (429—465 = 1038—1073), a bloodthirsty tyrant and drunkard, obtained the sovereignty of Granada by the help of his clever Jewish vizier Samuel Ha-Nagīd (Samuel Ha-Lewi b. Joseph b. Nagdēla, arab. Ismāʿīl b. Nag̲h̲dīla) after the death of his father Ḥabbūs and the voluntary withdrawal of his younger brother Boluggīn ¶ who was preferred by a powerful party in the Kingdom. He at once sought to secure his position by murdering var…

al-Ḥakam

(645 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
, the name of two Spanish Omayyads: 1. al-Ḥakam I b. His̲h̲ām, third Omayyad Āmir of Cordova (180—206 = 796—822), waged continual warfare for almost twenty years against the pretensions of the Faḳīh and the people incited to rebellion by them, notably their superior Yaḥyā b. Yaḥyā. After the first risings in Cordova (189 = 805) and Mérida (190 = 806) had been soon suppressed and Toledo (Tolaitola), strongly fortified which was endeavouring to win independence, had finally been taken by stratagem and the tr…

Kaʿb al-Aḥbār

(1,218 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
, Abū Isḥāḳ Kaʿb b. Matīʿ b. Haisūʿ, the oldest authority for the Jewis̲h̲-Muslim traditions among the Arabs, a Jew of Yemen who became a convert to Islām in the Caliphate of Abū Bakr or ʿOmar and was called Kaʿb al-Aḥbār or Kaʿb al-Ḥabr, “the rabbi Kaʿb”, on account of his wealth of theological, particularly Biblical, knowledge. Lidzbarski ( De propheticis, quae dicuntur, legendis arabicis, Berlin diss., Leipzig 1893, p. 34 sq.) supposes that his name was originally Hebrew,ʿAḳībā or Yaʿḳōb, and was afterwards changed into the Arabic name Kaʿb. Ḥabr or ḥibr (plur. aḥbār) is taken from th…

Bald̲j̲

(478 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
b. Bis̲h̲r b. ʿIyāḍ al-Kos̲h̲airī, an Arab general, the valiant, though haughty, commander of the Syrian cavalry in the army, which the Caliph His̲h̲ām b. ʿAbd al-Malik sent against the Berbers in 123 (741) under the command of Kult̲h̲ūm b. ʿIyāḍ, uncle of Bald̲j̲. On their arrival in Ifrīḳīya (in Ramaḍān 123 = 20 July— 18 Aug. 741) Bald̲j̲ and his Syrians soon made themselves thoroughly hated through their arrogance and barbarity by the African Arabs, especially the Anṣārs, who after the battle in …

Kaʿb al-Aḥbār

(705 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M.
, Abū Isḥāḳ b. Mātiʿ b. Haysūʿ/Haynūʿ, Juif de Yémen converti à l’Islam probablement en 17/638 (al-Ṭabarī, I, 2514) et considéré comme la plus ancienne autorité en matière de traditions judéo-islamiques, Ḥibr/ḥabr, de l’hébreu ḥābēr, qui était le titre venant après rabbī chez les savants juifs de Babylone, est senti comme équivalant à l’arabe ʿālim (al-Ḵh̲awārizmī. Mafātīḥ, 35); dans Kaʿb al-Aḥbār, ce pluriel est un compl. déterminatif, tandis que dans Kaʿb al-Ḥabr, appellatif moins courant, al-Ḥabr est une apposition. Lidzbarski ( De propheticis … legendis arabicis, Leipzig 189…

Bald̲j̲ b. Bis̲h̲r

(727 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M. | Huici Miranda, A.
b. ʿiyāḍ al-ḳus̲h̲ayrī , an Arab military leader, of a brave but haughty disposition, commanded the Syrian cavalry in the army sent against the Berbers in 123/741 by the Caliph His̲h̲ām b. ʿAbd al-Malik, under the leadership of Kult̲h̲ūm b. ʿIyāḍ, Bald̲j̲’s uncle. After their arrival in Ifrīḳiya (in Ramaḍān 123/20 July-18 August 741), the violence and arrogance Bald̲j̲ and his Syrians earned them the bitter hostility of the African Arabs, especially the Anṣār, who had fled wes…

Bald̲j̲

(692 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, M. | Huici Miranda, A.
b. Bis̲h̲r b. ʿIyāḍ al-Ḳus̲h̲ayrī, capitaine arabe, brave, mais de caractère orgueilleux, qui commandait la cavalerie syrienne dans l’armée envoyée contre les Berbères en 123/741 par le calife His̲h̲ām b. ʿAbd al-Malik, sous la conduite de Kult̲h̲ūm b. ʿIyāḍ, oncle de Bald̲j̲. Après leur arrivée en Ifrīḳiya (en ramaḍān 123/20 juil.-18 août 741), Bald̲j̲ et ses Syriens s’attirèrent, par leur rudesse et leur orgueil, l’inimitié profonde des Arabes africains, ¶ surtout les Anṣāriens qui, après la bataille livrée dans la Ḥarra en 63/683, avaient fui en masse vers l’O…