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Kāʾānī

(227 words)

Author(s): Shaki, M.
, Ḥabīb allāh (1808-54) was the greatest Persian poet of the Ḳād̲j̲ār period. He was born at S̲h̲īrāz, lost his father, the poet Guls̲h̲an, at the age of eleven and found a patron in the governor of S̲h̲īrāz, Ḥasan ʿAlī Mīrzā S̲h̲ud̲j̲āʿ al-Salṭana, who gave him the pen-name of Ḳāʾānī. As a court panegyrist he was granted by Muḥammad S̲h̲āh the title of Ḥassān al-ʿAd̲j̲am . He settled in Tehran shortly before 1848 and was favoured by Nāṣir al-Dīn S̲h̲āh with the title of Malik al-S̲h̲uʿarāʾ . Ḳāʾānī was a man of erudition, and the first Persian poet to master French. His dīwān

Kamāl K̲h̲ud̲j̲andī

(229 words)

Author(s): Shaki, M.
( Kamāl al-Dīn Masʿūd ), Persian lyric poet and mystic, was born in K̲h̲ud̲j̲and (Transoxania), later settled in Tabriz, where he lived the rest of his life and, according to K̲h̲wāndamīr, died in 803/1400-1. Kamāl K̲h̲udiandī’s modest dīwān contains short, exquisite g̲h̲azals of five to seven verses with love, Lebenslust and frustration as central themes, and permeated with a deep pantheistic mysticism reminiscent of the school of Ibn al-ʿArabī and D̲j̲alāl al-Dīn Rūmī. True to the tradition of the great Persian mystics,…

Kamāl K̲h̲ud̲j̲andī

(238 words)

Author(s): Shaki, M.
(Kamāl al-dīn Masʿūd), poète lyrique et mystique persan, naquit à K̲h̲ud̲j̲and en Transoxiane et s’installa par la suite à Tabrīz, où il passa le reste de sa vie; selon K̲h̲wāndamīr, il mourut en 803/1400-1. Son modeste dīwān contient de courts mais ravissants g̲h̲azah de cinq à sept vers dont les thèmes centraux sont l’amour, la joie de vivre et la frustration et qui sont imprégnés d’un profond mysticisme panthéiste rappelant l’école d’Ibn al-ʿArabī et de Ḏj̲alāl al-dīn Rūmī. Fidèle à la tradition des grands mystiques persans, il ne s’…

Kāʾānī

(242 words)

Author(s): Shaki, M.
, Ḥabīb Allāh (1808-54) fut le plus grand poète persan de la période des Ḳād̲j̲ārs; il naquit à S̲h̲īrāz. perdit son père, le poète Guls̲h̲an, à l’âge de onze ans et trouva un protecteur en la personne du gouverneur de S̲h̲īrāz, Ḥasan ʿAlī Mīrzā S̲h̲ud̲j̲āʿ al-salṭana qui lui donna le nom de plume de Ḳāʾānī. Muḥammad S̲h̲āh lui conféra, comme panégyriste de la cour, le titre de Ḥassān al-ʿAd̲j̲am (le Hassān b. T̲h̲ābit des non-Arabes); il s’établit à Téhéran peu avant 1848 et fut gratifié par Nāṣir al-dīn du titre de malik al-s̲h̲uʿaraʾ. Ḳāʾānī fut un homme de grande érudition et le pr…