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List of Abbreviations

(743 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
AB —  Analecta Bollandiana ʿAbd al-Jabbār Tathbīt —  ʿAbd al-Jabbār,  Tathbīt dalāʾil al-nubuwwa, ed. ʿA.-K. ʿUthmān, 2 vols, Beirut, 1966 Assemani,  BO — J. Assemani,  Bibliotheca orientalis clementino-vaticana, 3 vols, Rome, 1719-28 Baumstark,  GSL — A. Baumstark,  Geschichte der syrischen Literatur, Bonn, 1922 BHG — F. Halkin (ed.),  Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca, Brussels, 1957 ‘Bibliographie’ — R. Caspar et al., ‘Bibliographie du dialogue islamo-chrétien’,  Islamochristiana 1 (1975) 124-81; 2 (1976) 187-249; 3 (1977) 255-86; 4 (1978) 247-67; …

Christian religion (premodern Muslim positions)

(2,981 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
The attitudes of Muslims towards Christianity and Christians are strongly influenced by what they find in the Qurʾān. The details that the first generations of Muslims derived from encounters with Christians led them to believe that Christians had lost the pristine purity of their faith and fallen into serious doctrinal errors based on corrupt readings of their scriptures or, more often, corrupt transmission of the scriptural text. It fell to Muslims themselves, as the guardians of revealed truth, to…
Date: 2020-09-16

Ibrāhīm b. Isḥāq al-Ḥarbī

(774 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm b. Bashīr (or Bishr) b. ʿAbdallāh b. Daysam al-Marwazī al-Ḥarbī (198–285/813–98) was a ḥadīth expert in Baghdad and was known as a man of piety and asceticism. He was a pupil of Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal (the founder of one of the four Sunnī schools of law, d. 241/855) and was sometimes compared with him in respect to his scholarship, piety, and simplicity of life. Al-Ḥarbī explained that his family came from Merv and that his mother was from the Taghlib tribe, which was Christian, and most of his maternal uncles were Christian. This bei…
Date: 2020-09-16

 Tuḥfat al-mujāhidīn

(1,474 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Tuḥfat al-mujāhidīn‘Gift to those fighting in the way of God’ Zayn al-Dīn ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Zayn al-Dīn al-Maʿbarī; Zayn al-Dīn Makhdūm II Date: 1577 Original Language: Arabic Description Tuḥfat al-muhājidīn fī baʿḍ akhbār al-Burtughāliyyīn (‘Gift to those fighting in the way of God, on elements of reports about the Portuguese’; this also appears as  Tuḥfat al-muhājidīn fī baʿḍ aḥwāl al-Burtughāliyyīn, ‘Gift to those fighting in the way of God, on elements of the circumstances of the Portuguese’) is the earliest Muslim detailed account of the arriva…

Abbreviations and Foreword

(1,441 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
  FOREWORD David Thomas Christian-Muslim relations. A bibliographical History 6 ( CMR 6) continues the history of relations between Christians and Muslims as recorded in original sources in the period 1500-1600, following the same general approach as the earlier volumes in the series.  CMR 6 focuses on works from the 16th century in the countries of Western Europe, and shows that, while many of the preoccupations that dominated the Middle Ages were still prominent, particularly issues of political and religious relations between Christianity…


(387 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Zayn al-Dīn ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Zayn al-Dīn al-Maʿbarī; Zayn al-Dīn Makhdūm II Date of Birth: Early 16th century Place of Birth: Chombai, near Mahe, northern Malabar Date of Death: Uncertain; after 1583 Place of Death: Ponnani, Malabar Biography Zayn al-Dīn ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Zayn al-Dīn al-Maʿbarī was born in northern Malabar, on the south-west coast of India, to a Sunnī family from Yemen. They had emigrated to Maʿbar on the east coast of India, and then in the early 16th century to Malabar. His grandfather, named Zayn al-Dīn Makhdūm (1467-1521;  makhdūm, ‘the one who is served’,…

Front Matter

(1,365 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
  David Thomas This volume of  Christian-Muslim relations. A bibliographical history ( CMR 7) continues the history of relations between Christians and Muslims according to the original sources in the period 1500-1600. CMR 7 focuses on works from Eastern Europe, the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia and the Americas. It shows that many of the attitudes and prejudices known from the Middle Ages were still current, among them on the Christian side the sense that Muslims had been misled by a false prophe…