Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Tudor Parfitt" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Tudor Parfitt" )' returned 7 results. Modify search

Did you mean: dc_creator:( "tudor parfitt" ) OR dc_contributor:( "tudor parfitt" )

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Yavne'eli (Jawnieli), Samuel

(488 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
Samuel Yavne’eli (Jawnieli; 1884–1961) was born in Kazanka, Ukraine, in 1884. His original surname was Warshavsky, but he changed it after emigrating to Palestine in 1905. Yavne’eli was a major figure in the Zionist labor movement and one of the early members of the Second Aliya (1904–1914). In 1911 Yavne’eli went to Yemen to organize the emigration of Yemenite Jews to Palestine. He was apparently selected to undertake this mission because of an article he had written in Hapoel Hatzair

David D’Beth Hillel

(396 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
David D’Beth Hillel (d. 1846) was a Jewish scholar and traveler from Vilna (present day Vilnius) in Lithuania. Born into a family of scholars and rabbis, he went to Palestine around 1815 with some followers of the Gaon of Vilna and settled in Safed. In 1824 he set out on a remarkable journey, inspired by religious zeal and a passionate interest in the unknown Jewish communities of the East and the fabled Lost Tribes of Israel. The account of his journey, written in English, …

Montefiore, Moses

(923 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
The Sephardi financier, philanthropist, and Jewish communal leader Moses Montefioree, perhaps the most famous British Jew of the nineteenth century, was born in 1784 in Livorno during a visit there by his parents, who were Livornese-born residents of London. He was raised in the British capital, and later became one of London’s twelve “Jew brokers.” In 1812 he married Judith Cohen and thus became brother-in-law and later stockbroker to …

Saphir, Jacob

(307 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
Jacob Saphir (1822–1886) was a Jewish traveler and writer born in Oshmyany (Ashmyany) in what is now Belarus. His family moved to Palestine while he was still a child, settling in Safed, but in 1836, after their deaths, he moved to Jerusalem. In 1848, the Jewish community of Safed commissioned Saphir to …

Hashid

(397 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
Throughout the 1930s and during the first years of the Second World War, a trickle of Jews arrived in the British Crown Colony of Aden from the Yemen. They were housed in a variety of insalubrious quarters mainly outside Aden city. In 1944, however, the Aden government agreed to lease an abandoned army camp to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee at a nominal rent for the use of Jewish refugees. The camp, known as Hashid, was about 10 kilometers (6 miles) inland from Aden’s wharf area of Maala, not far from the main road and slightly more than 1.6 kilom…

Operation on the Wings of Eagles (Magic Carpet)

(691 words)

Author(s): Tudor Parfitt
Between June 1949 and September 1950, 41,914 Yemenite Jews left the British Crown Colony of Aden for Israel in an airlift that was initially called Operation Magic Carpet. Yemenite Jews had assembled in the British colony in hopes of immigrating to the Jewish state. The airlift that took them, at the time the largest airlift the world had seen, was called Operation Magic Carpet and subsequently Operation on Wings of Eagles, with reference to Exodus 19:4: “You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and…