, name of a person whom the Ḳurʾān associates with Pharaoh (
q.v.]), because of ¶ a still unexplained confusion with the minister of Ahasuerus in the Biblical book of Esther. To the details given s.v. firʿawn , should be added the fact that, according to al-Masʿūdī,
Murūd̲j̲ , ii, 368, Hāmān built the canal of Sardūs, but Firʿawn obliged him to repay to the peasants the money which he had extorted from them for this. (G. Vajda) Bibliography given in the art. firʿawn see also J. Horovitz,
Koranische Untersuchungen, 149 A. Jeffery,
The foreign vocabulary of the Qurʾān, 284.