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(260 words)

Author(s): Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika
In a modern understanding, the concept of age refers either broadly to one's life span, or in a narrower sense to its last phase. The commencement of the latter can be marked in various fashions, depending on the social context. However, it is often reckoned in terms of discharge from important formal social functions, especially from the labor process (retirement), and the loss of the capacity for sexual reproduction. Age is therefore always ‘social age,’ as well, and—as with gender—an essentia…

Life Cycle

(3,076 words)

Author(s): Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika
1. The concept of the life cycle refers to a socially regulated succession of life phases, that are divided from one another and articulated by ‘typical’ life events. ‘Cyclical’ therefore refers not to repetitions of phases or events in the life course of the individual, but to the collectively recurring succession of life phases and events. Which life events are typically regarded as being those of the life cycle varies from one society to another. An obviously universal character as life-cycle…

Mannheim, Karl

(183 words)

Author(s): Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika
[German Version] (Mar 27, 1893, Budapest – Jan 9, 1947, London). In 1933, after serving as professor of sociology in Frankfurt am Main since 1930, Mannheim emigrated to London, where he taught at the London School of Economics. He pioneered a sociology of knowledge in which the interplay between knowledge and society is understood as an expressive relationship. Borrowing critically from K. Marx and W. Dilthey, he was concerned to show that “thought styles” are rooted in larger thought systems (ide…