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Ferdī

(304 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Hüseyin G.
, mak̲h̲laṣ (nom-de-plume) of some minor Ottoman poets, one of whom died young early in the reign of Süleymān I (Laṭīfī, 263; the ted̲h̲kire s [in MS] of ʿĀs̲h̲iḳ Čelebi and Ḥasan Čelebi; ʿĀlī, Kunh al-ak̲h̲bār , Ankara Un. DTCF Lib. MS, f. 210a); another, Arayi̊d̲j̲i̊zāde Ḥüseyn, died in 1121/1709 (Sālim, 525; for MSS of his works see F. E. Karatay, Topkapı Sarayıtürkçe yazmalar kataloǧu , Istanbul 1961, nos. 2449, 2697); a third, ‘Derwīs̲h̲’ Ferdī, died in 1125/1713 (Sālim, 527); a ‘Kātib’ Ferdī is also known (Babinger, 83, n.). A detailed history in Turkish of the reign of Süley…

Ḳābiḍ

(583 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Hüseyin G.
(?—934/1527), heretic of the early 10th/16th century. Originally from Persia, he came to Istanbul, where he was educated. In 934/1527 he was publicly maintaining, in different parts of the city, that the Ḳurʾān depended in large measure upon the Old and New Testaments, and that Jesus was superior to Muḥammad. Complaints being made to the authorities, on 8 Ṣafar 934/3 November 1527 Ḳābiḍ was brought before the imperial dīwān , where he was interrogated by the ḳāḍīʿaskers of Rumeli (Fenārīzade Muḥyī al-Dīn) and Anatolia (Ḳādirī Čelebi). He defended h…

Maṭrāḳči̊

(825 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Hüseyin G.
, Naṣūḥ al-Silāḥī al-Maṭrāḳī , or Naṣūḥ b. Ḳaragöz b. ʿAbd Allah al-Bōsnawī (?-971/?1564), outstanding knight, inventor of some new forms of the game of maṭrāḳ (a contest with a stick, cudgel or rapier for training and knight-errantry), mathematician, historian, calligrapher and painter of the period of Süleymān the Magnificent (926-74/1520-66). He was a student in the Palace School during the reign of the Bāyezīd II (886-918/1481-1512). His first book D̲j̲amāl al-kuttāb wa-kamāl al-ḥussāb on mathematics was written in 923/1517 and dedicated to …

Ḳābiḍ

(594 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Huseyin G.
, hérétique du début du Xe/XVIe siècle (m. 934/1527). Originaire de Perse, il vint à Istanbul où il fit ses études. En 934/1527, il soutenait en public, dans différents quartiers de la ville, que le Ḳurʾàn provenait dans une large mesure de l’Ancien et du Nouveau Testament et que Jésus était supérieur à Muḥammad. Des plaintes ayant été formulées auprès des autorités, Ḳābiḍ fut cité, le 8 ṣafar 934/3 novembre 1527, devant le Dīwān impérial où il fut interrogé par les ḳāḍī ʿaskers de Roumélie (Fenārizāde Muḥyī l-dīn) et d’Anatolie (Ḳādirī Čelebi). Il défendit sa doctrine en s’a…

Ferdī

(310 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Hüseyin G.
, mak̲h̲laṣ (nom de plume) de plusieurs poètes ottomans mineurs; l’un d’entre eux mourut jeune au début du règne de Süleymān Ier (Laṭīfī, 263; les ted̲h̲kires [en ms.] de ʿĀs̲h̲i̊ḳ Čelebi et Ḥasan Čelebi; ʿĀlī, Künh al-ak̲h̲bār, ms. de l’Univ. d’Ankara, Bibl. DTCF, fol. 210a); un autre, Arayi̊d̲j̲i̊zāde Ḥüseyn, mourut en 1121/1709 (Sālim, 525; pour les mss de ses œuvres, voir F. E. Karatay, Topkapi Sarayi ... türhçe Yazmalar Kataloǧu, Istanbul 1961, nos 2449, 2697); un troisième, «Derwīs̲h̲» Ferdī, mourut en 1125/1713 (Sālim, 527); on connaît aussi un «Kātib» Ferdī (Babinger, 83, n.). U…

Maṭrāḳči̊

(808 words)

Author(s): Yurdaydin, Hüseyin G.
, Naṣūḥ al-Silāḥī al-Maṭrāḳī, ou Naṣūḥ b. Ḳaragöz b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Bōsnawī (m. 971/1564), éminent cavalier turc, inventeur de nouvelles formes du jeu de maṭrāḳ (combat avec un bâton, un gourdin ou une rapière pour l’entraînement et la chevalerie errante), mathématicien, historien, calligraphe et peintre de l’époque du Süleymān le Magnifique (926-74/1520-66). Sous le règne de Bāyezīd II (886-918/1481-1512), il était élève à l’école du Palais. Son premier livre, Ḏj̲amāl al-küttāb wa-kamāl al-ḥussāb, qui traitait de mathématiques, fut écrit en 923/1517 et dédié à Selīm Ier (918-26/…