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Wādī Nūn

(1,899 words)

Author(s): de la Chapelle, F.
, older form Wādī Nūl. This is not the name of a river but of a great plain in S.W. Morocco between the western Anti-Atlas and its Saharan outliers twenty miles from the sea. The plain is formed by the silt from a number of water-courses, of which the chief are the Wādī Ṣaiyād and the Wādī Umm al-ʿAs̲h̲ar, which unite to form the Wādī Āsāka; the latter river joins the sea through a defile which has given it its name. We find in the Wādī Nūn a certain number of oases with large villages (Awgelmīm or Gleimīm, Ḳṣābī, Tīlīwīn, Fask, Dubiyān, Tig̲h̲mart, Asrīr, Waʿrūn, Abbūda etc…


(7,396 words)

Author(s): Lévi-Provençal, E. | de la Chapelle, F.
, a rather vague name still applied in the xixth century to certain elements in the Muslim town population of various countries and especially to the inhabitants of the Mediterranean ports of North Africa. The word, presumably of Phoenician origin, corresponds to the ancient local name of the natives of Barbary reproduced by the Romans as Μαῦροι, Mauri and by the Greeks as Μαυρυσιοι (Strabo, vii. 825). The term Mauri used by the Romans in a general way for the Berbers passed into Spain in the form Mora, and it was by the name of Moros that the people of the Iberian peninsula throu…