Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Menecrates [1]

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Menecrates was a poet and a grammarian, native of Ephesus. Since he taught Aratus of Soli1 ( Sud.α 3745), he probably lived between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. He was the author of a poem on agriculture and apiculture (prov…

Euripides

(1,641 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae…

Alexander [7] Polyhistor

(34,482 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [7] Polyhistor | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Πολυίστωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Miletus Date: ca. 110 BCE - post 40 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander Polyhistor was born around 110 BCE in Miletus. The Suda1 (α 1129) identifies him as a γραμματικὸς τῶν Κράτητος μαθητῶν, obviously not because he was a direct disciple of Crates2 - whi…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Artemon [3]

(458 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v.Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed i…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Draco

(1,161 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Draco | Δράκων Place of Origin: Stratoniceia (Caria) Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Draco was a native of Stratoniceia in Caria and the author, as the Suda1 (δ 1496) informs us, of technical-grammatical works (Τεχνικά, perhaps a comprehensive definition of the following titles: Ὀρθογραφία, Περὶ τῶν κατὰ συζυγίαν ὀνομάτων, and Περὶ ἀν…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: It is hardly plausible that the Euphranor cited in a note of the Herodian1 scholion ad Il. 14, 372a (taken up by Eustath. ad Il. 992, 55–60) should be identified with the celebrated painter and sculptor of Corinth2 (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem …

Asclepiades [3]

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/02/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [3] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria/Nicaea? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: An Asclepiades described as “the Alexandrine” is cited in Sch. Aristoph. Nub. 37 on the subject of the Athenian office of demarch1. The fragment preserved in EGud. 355, 38-52, which concerns the law tablets (κύ…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Asclepiades [6]

(713 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 30/03/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [6] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Two fragments about Thucydides’1 work are attributed to an Asclepiades who is distinguished from the other men bearing the same name: one fragment concerns the division of the historian’s work into ἱστορίαι (Marcel. V. Thuc. 58), and the second one registers a no…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Parthenius

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on (10/02/2004) – 04/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parthenius | Παρθένιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1°/2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Parthenius was first distinguished from the poet Parthenius of Nicaea1 by A. Meineke ( Analecta Alexandrina sive commentationes de Euphorione Chalcidensi, Rhiano Cretensi, Alexandro Aetolo, Parthenio Nicaeno, B…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…
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