Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Naucrates [2]

(687 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Naucrates [2] | Ναυκράτης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Naucrates was a Homeric1 commentator and native of Erythrae, and he is cited only in Stephanus of Byzantium2 (the later mention of him in Eustathius3 most probably derives from this work). The identification of Naucrates with the disciple of I…

Harpocration [4]

(931 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [4] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: post 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is known from only one attestation in the scholia on the Iliad (9, 453c), where he is mentioned for his commentary on Book 9, or on the entire poem2, if we accept the conjecture of Heyne (1802, p. 626) who corre…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(9,878 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Kotiaeion (Frigia) Data: 70/80 ca.-150 ca. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, cioè originario della città frigia di Κοτιάειον (questa la forma corretta del toponimo stando a Strabone 12, 8, 12, contro Κοτυάειον e Κοτιαέον della tradizione tardoantica e bizantina),…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…

Alexander [4]

(1,316 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Flavia Cecchi and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [4] | Ἀλέξανδρος Place of Origin: Paphos Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander is known only from two citations preserved by Eustathius1 and derived from the collection of aitia and paradoxa of Ptolemy Chennos2. Because of the doubts raised by critics about the reliability of Ptolemy in mentioning his auctoritates, the figure of Alex…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Hestiaea

(1,129 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hestiaea | Ἑστιαῖα Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria (in the Troad?) Date: ante 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of this learned woman is attested also in the form Ἱστιαῖα by Eustathius1 ( ad Il. 280, 19-20, who seems in his case to be basing it on Strabo2; ad Il. 384, 20-21). We have no biographical information about her apa…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Demo

(3,129 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demo | Δημώ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholar with an allegorical approach, Demo is cited in the scholia to the Iliad1 and Lucian2 and in Eustathius3, and is the object of a polemic by Johannes Tzetzes4, who mentions her with the offensive epithet μιμώ, together with Heraclitus5, Cornutus6, Palaephatus7…

Eudaemon

(6,351 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Pelusio Data: 4° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e poeta, contemporaneo di Libanio di cui era amico e corrispondente epistolare (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633), nato intorno al 314–324 e morto prima del 392 (così Kaster 1988, p. 279). Da non confondere con il più giovane Eudemone, insegnante …

Lupercus

(3,988 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 06/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lupercus | Λούπερκος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Berytus Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Lupercus, a grammarian from Berytus, was born or, more probably, flourished according to the Suda1 a little before the brief reign of the Emperor Claudius II2 (268/270 CE; for the participle γεγονώς as indicating the acmé of a career …

Sim(m)ias

(2,021 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Rodi Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Rappresentante della categoria dei poeti-filologi, testimoni per eccellenza dell’attività filologica del primo ellenismo, Sim(m)ia fu inventore del technopaignion e autore di una raccolta di glosse in tre libri ( Sud. σ 431). Sulla sua vita possediamo scarn…

Demetrius [5]

(1,138 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009 – (02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [5] | Δημήτριος ὁ Γονύπεσος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of unknown origin, and information about him is scarce. Herodianus1 (2nd c. CE) mentions him ( Sch. Il. 8, 233b), and this serves as a terminus ante quem and the sole point of reference …

Neoteles

(2,010 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoteles | Νεοτέλης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Neoteles is uncertain, since it is based on the hypothesis that he was a student of Aristarchus1, which was formulated by Blau ( Aristarch. discip., 1883, p. 77) because Didymus2 in Sch. Il. 24, 110b1 mentions Neoteles along with two defini…
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