Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Alexander [7] Polyhistor

(34,482 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [7] Polyhistor | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Πολυίστωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Miletus Date: ca. 110 BCE - post 40 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander Polyhistor was born around 110 BCE in Miletus. The Suda1 (α 1129) identifies him as a γραμματικὸς τῶν Κράτητος μαθητῶν, obviously not because he was a direct disciple of Crates2 - whi…

Sal(l)ustius [2]

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sal(l)ustius [2] | Σαλούστιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sal(l)ustius was a sophist and grammarian, and according to the Suda1, he was also the author of commentaries on authors including Demosthenes2 and Herodotus3. It is difficult to maintain Cumont’s proposal to identify him with Sallustius of D…

Genethlius

(1,903 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Genethlius | Γενέθλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Petra Date: second half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The meagre biographical information that we have about the rhetorician Genethlius comes solely from the Suda1 lexicon (γ 132). He was the son of a man also named Genethlius and a native of the Palestinian cit…

Philippus [1]

(7,423 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Philostratus [2]

(1,294 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [2] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Tyre ↓ To Source List Biography: Philostratus of Tyre is cited by Photius1 ( Bibl. cod. 150, 99a-b) as the author of a lexicon on the orators, which is mentioned along with similar works by Julianus2 and Valerius Diodorus3. Cohn ( Griech. Lexikogr., 1913, p. 590) has proposed to identify h…

Minucianus

(26,724 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 03/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucianus | Μινουκιανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Athens Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The exact identity of the rhetoric1 teacher and writer Minucianus, who is known from the commentaries on the works of Hermogenes2, is very difficult to ascertain. A date generally accepted in the past – that …

Antipater

(1,130 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antipater | Ἀντίπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of Antipater, without other details, is mentioned in the scholion to Aristoph. Av. 1403b Holwerda, in which the word κυκλιοδιδάσκαλον (Las. T 10a Brussich; dithyr. T 51 Ieranò) is explained: according to the scholion, Antipater and Euphronius1…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Artemon [3]

(458 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v.Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed i…
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