Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Gaianus

(407 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gaianus | Γαϊανός Place of Origin: Arabia Date: first half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The only information on this scholar comes from the Suda1: Gaianus was a native of Arabia and a student of Apsines of Gadara2; he was active in the time of Maximinus3 and Gordian III4 and worked as a grammarian and rhetorician in Berytus. H…

Tryphon [2]

(842 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 18/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [2] | Τρύφων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Etymologica1 ( EGen. A, s.v.δάνειον; EGud. 334, 14-17 [Stef.]; EM. 247, 52-248, 1, cf. Zon. p. 4702) credit an author named Tryphon, son of Arpocration, with an explanation of the term δάνειον, according to which the word originally had the meaning of ἀναφα…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Aretades

(1,604 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aretades | Ἀρητάδης Identità: Perseus | BNJ | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cnido? Data: 3°-1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nessuna notizia biografica del grammatico Aretade ci è nota. La menzione di un Aretade Κνίδιος come autore di opere d’argomento storico-etnografico sulla Macedonia in due passi pseudo-plutarchei (Μακεδονικά; Plut. 19, 308c, 6-12) e sulle isole dell’Egeo (Νησιοτικ…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually t…

Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Herminus

(8,414 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herminus | Ἑρμῖνος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Pergamum? Date: 2nd c. CE (120–180/190 CE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about the life of Herminus, an exegete of Aristotle’s1 works, who is mentioned among the teachers of Alexander of Aphrodisias2, is quite meager. Zeller (E. Zeller, Die Philosophie der Grieche…

Archibius [2]

(208 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 02/02/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Archibius [2] | Ἀρχίβιος Luogo di provenienza: Alessandria o Leucade in Acarnania Data: età traianea ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il lessico Suda, unico testimone dell’esistenza di Archibio, non è altrimenti esplicito sulla sua città di provenienza (Λευκάδιος ἢ Ἀλεξανδρεύς). È verosimile, per quanto non possa essere stabilito con certezza, che si tratti del padre del gramma…

Pius

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pius | Πῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Pius remains essentially uncertain; the activity of the grammarian was initially dated shortly before the end of the 2nd c. CE (A. Gudeman, Scholien, RE 2A 1 [1921], 662), a hypothesis shared also by Hiller ( Pius, 1869 , pp. 93ff.); Richter ( Interpr. Gr., 1…

Tryphon [2]

(714 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 18/10/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Tryphon [2] | Τρύφων Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: A un autore con questo nome, figlio di un Arpocrazione, viene attribuita dagli Etimologici ( EGen. A, s.v. δάνειον; EGud. 334, 14–17 [Stef.]; EM. 247, 52–248, 1, cfr. Zon. p. 470) una spiegazione del termine δάνειον, secondo cui esso avrebbe avuto originariamente il significato di ἀναφαίρετον δῶρον, anz…

Artemidorus [2] Capito

(6,197 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemidorus [2] Capito | Ἀρτεμίδωρος ὁ Καπίτων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemidorus, surnamed Capito, worked as a doctor1 during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian2 and dedicated himself in particular to the textual study of the Hippocratic3 works; he prepared an edition of these that di…

Heracleon [1]

(5,346 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 11/05/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Tilotis d’Egitto Data: età augustea ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figlio di Glauco o Glaucone, come apprendiamo da Stefano di Bisanzio ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), ed originario di Tilotis – un villaggio egiziano nei pressi di Heracleopolis –, Eracleone svolse attività di insegnamento a Roma (cfr. Sud. η 455 e Sch. Il. 21, 577;…

Porphyrius

(5,399 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 29/05/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Tiro Data: 234 d.C.–304 d.C. ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nato intorno al 232/4 d.C. a Tiro ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) o a Batanea, nell’attuale Siria, Porfirio fu chiamato alla nascita Malco – dalla radice semitica che significa “re” –, in onore del padre. Il nome con cui divenne più tardi noto…

Philippus [2]

(1,421 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 26/04/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Philippus [2] | Φίλιππος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Galeno ( Libr. 19, 16, 10 ss. Kuhn) informa di avere assistito, prima ancora del suo trasferimento da Pergamo a Smirne (150 d.C.), ad una conversazione tra due medici, il dogmatico Pelope ed un empirico di nome Filippo. Questa esperienza sarebbe alla base del suo Περὶ τῆς ἰατρικῆς ἐμπειρίας (1, 411 ss. K…

Aspasius

(8,541 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 08/02/2006. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aspasius | Ἀσπάσιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Di Aspasio non è nota alcuna informazione cronologica precisa: la sua datazione al 2° secolo d.C. si basa unicamente su dati interni alle opere, come la citazione del neoplatonico Eudoro (seconda metà del 1° sec. d.C.) a proposito di alcune varianti al testo della Metafisica (Al. in Me…

Hermippus [2]

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/07/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Berytus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: A man of slave origin and a native of a village in Phoenicia that shared the name of Berytus with the famous port (cf. the clarification of the Suda1 lexicon, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Hermippus was a student of Herennius Phil…

Artemidorus [2] Capito

(6,066 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 02/09/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Artemidorus [2] Capito | Ἀρτεμίδωρος ὁ Καπίτων Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Artemidoro, soprannominato Capitone, esercitò durante il regno di Adriano la professione di medico, dedicandosi in particolare allo studio testuale delle opere ippocratiche, delle quali allestì un’edizione che si discostava abbastanza dalla ‘vulgata’ del corp…
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