, Abū Saʿīd Tād̲j̲ al-Dawla (458-88/1066-95), Sald̲j̲ūḳ ruler in Syria 471-88/1078-95. The name, < Tkish.
tut-, “he who grasps, seizes”, was already familiar as a personal name to Kās̲h̲g̲h̲arī, tr. Atalay, i, 367. During his brother Malik S̲h̲āh’s [
q.v.] lifetime, the youthful Tutus̲h̲ was given Syria in 471/1078 or 472/1079 as his appanage. The Turkmen commander Atsi̊z b. Uvak [
q.v.], who had overrun southern Syria and Palestine and had seized Jerusalem from the Fāṭimids, had been swept out of these temporary conquests by the returning armies of al-Mustanṣir and besieged in Damascus. He appealed to Tutus̲h̲ for help, but the latter simply had Atsi̊z killed in order to secure the Syrian capital for himself (471/1079). He was not, however, able to assert his power in the second greatest city of Syria, Aleppo. This had briefly been taken over by the Sald̲j̲ūḳ vassal, the ʿUḳaylid ruler of Mawṣil S̲h̲araf al-Dawla Muslim b. Ḳurays̲h̲, and Tutus̲h̲ now became involved in warfare with him, being even besieged in Damascus by the ʿUḳaylid in 476/1083 until S̲h̲araf al-Dawla’s death in battle fighting against the Sald̲j̲ūḳ prince Sulaymān b…