Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Antipater

(1,130 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antipater | Ἀντίπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of Antipater, without other details, is mentioned in the scholion to Aristoph. Av. 1403b Holwerda, in which the word κυκλιοδιδάσκαλον (Las. T 10a Brussich; dithyr. T 51 Ieranò) is explained: according to the scholion, Antipater and Euphronius1…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Artemon [3]

(458 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v.Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed i…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Onasander

(1,720 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Onasander | Ὀνάσανδρος (Ὀνήσανδρος) Identity: Perseus | BNP Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The spelling of the name of Onasander is disputed in the ancient sources: Johannes Lydus1 ( Mag. 1, 47) and the Tactica2 (14, 112) attributed to Leo VI3 record an Ὀνήσανδρος among the authors of military strategy, while the entry in the Suda4 (ο 386) pre…

Draco

(1,161 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Draco | Δράκων Place of Origin: Stratoniceia (Caria) Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Draco was a native of Stratoniceia in Caria and the author, as the Suda1 (δ 1496) informs us, of technical-grammatical works (Τεχνικά, perhaps a comprehensive definition of the following titles: Ὀρθογραφία, Περὶ τῶν κατὰ συζυγίαν ὀνομάτων, and Περὶ ἀν…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion

(3,793 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion | Διονύσιος ὁ Σκυτοβραχίων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mitylene? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It is not clear what the reason was for the nickname Scytobrachion, “Leather-arm”, which is attested in the Suda1, by Athenaeus2, and by Suetonius3 for the mythographer Dionysius, wh…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Ister [2]

(563 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [2] | Ἴστρος Place of Origin: Callatis Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Only Stephanus of Byzantium1 (p. 349, 2 Meineke, s.v.Κάλλατις) mentions an Ister of Callatis, who was the author of a καλὸν βιβλίον περὶ τραγῳδίας of which we have no other testimony. There was probably originally in the Suda2 a life of our Ister, which was later blen…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…
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