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Pollux

(498 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pollux | Πολυδεύκης Place of Origin: Parium Date: ? Biography: Pollux is a grammarian known only through one certain attestation in a passage of Athenaeus1 (11, 784d), which identifies the city of Parium as Pollux’s home and preserves his definition of the term βῖκος as a “container in the form of a φιάλη” (φιαλῶδες). Wendel ( Polydeukes [n. 7], RE 21, 2 …

Iubas [1] II

(19,429 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 [191…

Alexander [4]

(1,344 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Flavia Cecchi and first published on 31/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [4] | Ἀλέξανδρος Place of Origin: Paphos Date: ? Biography: Alexander is known to us from only two citations, both preserved by Eustathius1 and derived from the collection of aitia and paradoxa of Ptolemy Chennos2.  Because of the doubts raised by critics about the reliability of Ptolemy in his citation of auctoritates, the figure of Al…

Artemon [2]

(1,452 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/11/2005 - 11/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [2] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Cassandria Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? Biography: Artemon of Cassandria lived in a period that does not antedate the second half of the 2nd c. BCE, as the terminus post quem established by the fact that he mentions the grammarian Dionysius Scytobrachion1 (Ath. 12, 515d-e) …

Neleus

(3,289 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 15/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE Biography: Neleus was the son of the Coriscus1 frequently cited by Aristotle2 (cf. Index Aristotelicus, ed. H. Bonitz, Berolini 1870 (repr. Graz 1955), p. 405 and H.B. Gottschalk, Neleus [n. 3], N.P. 8 [2000], 809-810). According to Strabo3 (13, 1, 54) Neleus w…

Diodorus [1]

(1,516 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/01/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diodorus [1] | Διόδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 1st c. CE? Biography: A tentative dating of this Diodorus to the 1st c. CE relies on the fact that he is cited repeatedly (Sch. Dion. Thr. p. 183, 25-30 [Hilgard]; Ath. 11, 501d-e. 14, 642e) with Apion of Oasis1, who was probably a contemporary and collaborator of his. And so, he i…

Theodorus [3]

(1,375 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 28/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [3] | Θεόδωρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Athens (?) Date: ? Biography: Theodorus was a grammarian perhaps from Athens; he was nicknamed ὁ παναγής and was the author of a work in several books on the γένος Κηρύκων, a priestly family at Eleusis (cf., e.g., Aristot. Ath. 391, fr. 385 Rose; Hirschberger ad Hes. fr. *18 = 228 M.-W.2). The…

Zenon [3]

(5,806 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 30/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenon [3] | Ζήνων Identity: Wikipedia Place of Origin: Sidon Date: ca. 150 BCE-ca. 70 BCE Biography: Zeno was a native of Sidon and a pupil of the Epicurean1 Apollodorus Kepotyrannos2 (ἀκροατὴς Ἀπολλοδώρου, Diog. Laert. 10, 25) but also attended the lectures of the Academic Carneades3 (Cic. ac. 1, 12, 46; cf. T. Dorandi, Ricerche sulla cronologi…

Timachidas

(4,367 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Wikipedia Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus (SIG3…

Euphranor [2]

(1,341 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 03/04/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [2] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: Our information about Euphranor, an exponent of the Pythagorean school1 mentioned by Athenaeus2 and Iamblichus3, is scarce. It is possible to date him to the Late Classical and the Hellenistic Ages on the basis of the contexts in which his name is cited by ancient sources: Athenaeus (14…

Phillis

(2,411 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 10/12/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phillis | Φίλλις Place of Origin: Delos Date: ? Biography: The two epithets that the sources attribute to Phillis, Δήλιος (Ath. 1, 21f. 14, 634d. 14, 636b; Sch. Vat. Dion. Thr. in GG 1, 3, p. 183, 6) and μουσικός (Ath. 1, 21f; Phot. Lex. σ 354, s.v. σκολιόν; Sch. vet. Plat. Gorg. 451e; Sud. σ 643, s.v. σκολιόν; Sud. φ 836, s.v. φυλλίς), allow us to iden…

Gorgias [2]

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 09/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gorgias [2] | Γοργίας Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Athens Date: ? Biography: Gorgias is an author from Athens whose dating is uncertain. On the basis of the information provided by Pollux1 (FGrHist 351, 3B, T3, p. 214), Jacoby identifies him with Gorgias the σοφιστής, the author of an Ὀνομαστικόν, and distinguishes him from Gorgias the rhe…

Sim(m)ias

(1,537 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 17/03/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE Biography: Sim(m)ias belongs to the group of poet-philologists who represent the pinnacle of philological activity in the early Hellenistic period. He was also the inventor of the technopaignion and the author of a collection of glosse…

Aristodemus [1]

(4,990 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thirteen times i…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,459 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have received from, on the one hand, Sud…

Glaucon [2]

(730 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [2] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? Biography: The dating and identification of Glaucon, a glossographer1 cited in Athenaeus2, is uncertain. Identifying him as Glaucus of Rhegium3, who lived in the 5th and 4th c. BCE (cf. F. Jacoby, Glaukos [n. 36], RE 7, 1 [1912], 1417-1420; K. Ziegler, Glaukos [n. 6], Kl.P. 2 [1967], 812), was …

Callias

(906 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 5/7/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE? Biography: We can discern the native land of the grammarian Callias from a passage of Athenaeus1 (3, 85f Καλλίας δ’ ὁ Μιτυληναῖος), who cites him along with Aristophanes of Byzantium2 (see infra). Some scholars have wanted to see in this connection an indicatio…

Parmenon

(1,599 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 23/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων ὁ γλωσσογράφος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: ante 1st c. CE? Biography: Parmenon was a glossographer1 and a native of Byzantium. He was the author of a treatise Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books (Sch. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication of POxy. 3710 which ref…

Amarantus

(1,495 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/10/2002 - 21/03/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE. Biography: To determine the timeline of Amarantus’ life we can use his own testimony on King Juba of Mauretania (probably Juba II1, who ruled from 25 BCE to 23 CE) cited by Athenaeus2 (8, 343e-f), and the fact that Galen3 cites Amarantus (13, pp. 8…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,014 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and first published on 29/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: born post 182 - † 116 BCE Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2 and the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been esta…
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