Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Lysimachus

(8,284 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 3°/2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Pochi e incerti sono i dati che possediamo su Lisimaco. Non conosciamo la sua patria d’origine: alcune fonti lo definiscono alessandrino (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 e Sch. Soph. OC. 91), ma ciò è probabilmente da intendersi in relazione alla sua attività di eru…

Neleus

(4,673 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neleus was the son of the Coriscus1 who is cited many times by Aristotle2 (cf. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 and Gottschalk 2000, 809–810); according to Strabo3 (13, 1, 54) Neleus was a native of Scepsis and a student of Aristotle and Theophrastus4. …

Alexander [4]

(1,316 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Flavia Cecchi and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [4] | Ἀλέξανδρος Place of Origin: Paphos Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander is known only from two citations preserved by Eustathius1 and derived from the collection of aitia and paradoxa of Ptolemy Chennos2. Because of the doubts raised by critics about the reliability of Ptolemy in mentioning his auctoritates, the figure of Alex…

Sosibius [1]

(722 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [1] | Σωσίβιος ὁ λυτικός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1 (11, 493c-494b), the grammarian2 Sosibius lived at the court of Ptolemy II Philadelphus3 (285-246 BCE) and was a skilled solver of Homeric4 προβλήματα (hence his nickname ὁ λυτικός). The hypothesis that he should be id…

Glaucon [2]

(725 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [2] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating and identification of Glaucon, a glossographer1 cited in Athenaeus2, is uncertain. Identifying him as Glaucus of Rhegium3, who lived in the 5th and 4th c. BCE (cf. F. Jacoby, Glaukos [n. 36], RE 7, 1 [1912], 1417-1420; K. Ziegler, Glaukos [n. 6], Kl.P. 2 [1967…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Plutarchus [3]

(3,477 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Plutarchus [3] | Πλούταρχος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Plutarch is presented by Athenaeus1 as a participant in the banquet of Larensis that frames the learned discussion of the Deipnosophists2. This circumstance places the figure, if we are in fact dealing with a real p…

Athenocles

(2,412 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenocles | Ἀθηνοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyzicus Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Cyzicus (Ath. 5, 177e), the grammarian1 Athenocles probably lived a little before, or was a contemporary of, Aristarchus2, as one can conclude from Sch. Od. 14, 503, which describes his intervention in the text w…

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,484 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Callatis/Alessandria/Ossirinco? Data: 2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La biografia di Eraclide Lembo è oscura sotto molti aspetti a causa della contraddittorietà fra le informazioni fornite da Diogene Laerzio (5, 94) e dalla Suda (η 462, s.v. Ἡρακλείδης), uniche fonti disponibi…

Archestratus

(1,897 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Alessia Ferreccio è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Pare verosimile che l’Archestrato autore di un Περὶ αὐλητῶν in due libri citato da Ath. 14, 634d sia da identificare con l’Archestrato menzionato da Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke e da Porph. in Harm. 26, 29 (cfr. Düring 1934, p. 145; Centrone 1989, p. 335; Zami…

Apellicon

(5,028 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apellicon | Ἀπελλικῶν Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Teos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE († 86 BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Apellicon was, according to Strabo1 (13, 1, 54), a rich collector of books and a native of Teos (different attested variants for his name are gathered by Dziatzko 1894, 2693: Ἀπελλικῶν/Ἀπελλικῶντος, Ἀπελλίκων/Ἀπελλίκων…

Satyrus

(9,157 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Satyrus | Σάτυρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Callatis Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce that Callatis was the home city of Satyrus only from a fragment of PHerc 558 (T1 Schorn; the fragment was publicized by W. Crönert, Herkulanensische Bruchstücke einer Geschichte des Sokrates und seine…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Callias

(2,204 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 7/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callias | Καλλίας Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Mitilene Data: 3° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Ignoriamo la cronologia di Callia di Mitilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f e P.Köln 2, 61). Ateneo lo cita in parallelo ad Aristofane di Bisanzio (<=): in questa contiguità alcuni hanno voluto vedere un indizio di prossimità cronologica dei due (…

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…

Demetrius [6]

(2,041 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 12/10/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [6] | Δημήτριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of Troezen (in the Argolid), and we have little other information about him. Since he is mentioned by Athenaeus1 (and perhaps by Diogenes Laertius2, cf. infra) he should be dated before or, at…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Iubas [1] II

(19,881 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 […

Adrastus

(6,667 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Paola Ascheri è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Afrodisia Data: prima metà del 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Filosofo peripatetico nativo di Afrodisia (Caria), vissuto nel 2° sec. d.C.: la menzione di Adrasto da parte di Galeno (130 ca.-200 ca. d.C.) costituisce un terminus ante quem utile per collocare l’attività dello studioso attorno alla prima metà del secolo. Per una …
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