Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Nicander [2]

(6,526 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 14/12/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Claro (Colofone) Data: 2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La cronologia di Nicandro è incerta, perché le testimonianze biografiche oscillano fra i regni di Tolemeo V Epifane (204–181), secondo la prima e la quarta Vita Arati (risp. pp. 8, 25–9, 5 e p. 20, 10–16), e di Attalo III (138–133), secondo la Vita Nicandri (p. 33, 13–15) e la S…

Dorotheus

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dorotheus | Δωρόθεος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ascalon Date: early Imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Dorotheus is mentioned as the author of a lexicon of Attic words entitled Λέξεων συναγωγὴ, Ἀττικὴ λέξις, or λέξεις Ἀττικαί; he reportedly dedicated a specific discussion to the Homeric1 use of the term κλίσιον (Porph. ad Od. 24, 208; S…

Philostephanus

(8,642 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole biographical information for Philostephanus in our possession comes from Athenaeus1 (8, 331d–e), who calls him a native of Cyrene and a γνώριμος of Callimachus2, thus using the same term attested in P.Oxy.…

Apion

(31,680 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Bacigalupo è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apion | Ἀπίων Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Oasis Data: 1º sec. a.C.-1º sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Una fitta trama di notizie ci permette di collocare la vita e l’attività del grammatico egiziano Apione, nativo di Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), tra la fine del 1° sec. a.C. e la prima metà del 1° d.C. Dalla voce a lui dedicata dalla Suda (α 3215 Adler) appren…

Hegesander [1]

(6,869 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hegesander [1] | Ἡγήσανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Delphi Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hegesander, the author of a miscellany entitled Ὑπομνήματα, was a native of Delphi; the testimony of Athenaeus1 in this regard can be considered trustworthy despite the doubts aired by Pomtow ( Delphoi, RE 4, 2 [1901], 2523…

Satyrus

(8,999 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 14/01/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Satyrus | Σάτυρος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Callatis Data: 3°–2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La città di origine di Satiro, Callatis, si deduce solo da un frammento del PHerc 558 (T1 Schorn; il frammento è stato reso noto da W. Crönert, Herkulanensische Bruchstücke einer Geschichte des Sokrates und seiner Schule, «RhM» 2 (1902), pp. 285–300, p. 295 e n. 21) ma è con…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Chamaeleon

(12,646 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Eraclea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Eraclea del Ponto, Cameleonte fu, secondo Taziano ( Or. 31), allievo del Peripato. Con questa figura deve essere identificato il Cameleonte che, secondo quanto riportato da Fozio in un estratto dallo storico Memnone di Eraclea ( Bibl. cod. 224, 9–25 = FGrHist

Philostephanus

(8,377 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Le uniche notizie biografiche in nostro possesso su Filostefano derivano da Ateneo (8, 331d–e), che lo definisce originario di Cirene e γνώριμος di Callimaco, usando lo stesso termine attestato in P.Oxy. 1241, col. 2, rr. 2–3 per definire il rapport…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Eumolpus

(728 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eumolpus | Εὔμολπος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not have any information about the homeland of Eumolpus or any secure data for the period in which he lived. A dating to the Alexandrian period made by Cohn (1909) probably comes from the idea th…

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Parmenon

(2,468 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Bisanzio Data: ante 1° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Glossografo nativo di Bisanzio, Parmenone fu autore di uno scritto Περὶ διαλέκτων in almeno quattro libri ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). La forma del nome è rimasta incerta fino alla pubblicazione, nel 1986, di POxy. 3710 (2° sec. d.C.), che cita il nostro grammatico come Π…

Apellicon

(4,751 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apellicon | Ἀπελλικῶν Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Teo Data: 2°-1° sec. a.C. († 86 a.C.?) ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Apellicone o Apelliconte fu, secondo Strabone (13, 1, 54), un ricco collezionista di libri originario di Teo (sono attestate diverse varianti per il nome, registrate da Dziatzko 1894, 2693: Ἀπελλικῶν/Ἀπελλικῶντος, Ἀπελλίκων/Ἀπελλίκωντος e, in Plut. Sul. 26, Ἀπελ…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …
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