Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Soteridas (Soteras)

(2,061 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Soteridas (Soteras) | Σωτηρίδας (Σωτήρας) Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Epidaurus? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information about this grammarian is preserved in two articles of the Suda, ones probably derived from Hesychius of Miletus1 (σ 875 and 876, s.v. Σωτηρίδας), as well as another article on Pamph…

Oribasius

(10,056 words)

Author(s): Buzzi, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Buzzi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Oribasius | Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Oribasius (Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος), a famous doctor1 and scholar who lived ca. 320-390 CE, has come to be considered the founder of Byzantine encyclopedism in the area of practical literature ( Gebrauchsliteratur: cf. Garzya 1981; Ieraci Bio 1982…

Philtatius

(1,093 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philtatius | Φιλτάτιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th/5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Philtatius is known only from a fragment of Olympiodorus of Thebes1 ( ap. Phot. Bibl., cod. 80, 1 60b, 7–11) and probably had direct contact with that historian, as the phrase Φιλτάτιος ὁ τοῦ ἱστορικοῦ ἑταῖρος in Photius2 indicate…

Clemens

(1,392 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Clemens | Κλήμης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Clemens. His Latin name suggests to date him in the imperial period, probably between the 1st and 2nd c. CE. Only three citations of Clemens survive in some lexicographical works…

Dorotheus

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dorotheus | Δωρόθεος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ascalon Date: early Imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Dorotheus is mentioned as the author of a lexicon of Attic words entitled Λέξεων συναγωγὴ, Ἀττικὴ λέξις, or λέξεις Ἀττικαί; he reportedly dedicated a specific discussion to the Homeric1 use of the term κλίσιον (Porph. ad Od. 24, 208; S…

Philostratus [2]

(1,294 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [2] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Tyre ↓ To Source List Biography: Philostratus of Tyre is cited by Photius1 ( Bibl. cod. 150, 99a-b) as the author of a lexicon on the orators, which is mentioned along with similar works by Julianus2 and Valerius Diodorus3. Cohn ( Griech. Lexikogr., 1913, p. 590) has proposed to identify h…

Pantaenus

(4,653 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pantaenus | Πάνταινος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Sicily? Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical details about Pantaenus, who was active under Marcus Aurelius1 and traditionally considered the first representative of the school of Alexandrian catechism, are preserved by Eusebius2 ( HE. 5, 10–11)…

Apion

(31,680 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Bacigalupo è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apion | Ἀπίων Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Oasis Data: 1º sec. a.C.-1º sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Una fitta trama di notizie ci permette di collocare la vita e l’attività del grammatico egiziano Apione, nativo di Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), tra la fine del 1° sec. a.C. e la prima metà del 1° d.C. Dalla voce a lui dedicata dalla Suda (α 3215 Adler) appren…

Pantaenus

(4,576 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Pantaenus | Πάνταινος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Sicilia? Data: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Essenziali dettagli biografici sulla figura di Panteno, attivo sotto Marco Aurelio e considerato dalla tradizione il primo rappresentante della scuola di catechesi alessandrina, sono conservati da Eusebio ( HE. 5, 10–11), a cui attinge Girolamo ( vir. ill. 36). Inform…

Chamaeleon

(12,646 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Eraclea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Eraclea del Ponto, Cameleonte fu, secondo Taziano ( Or. 31), allievo del Peripato. Con questa figura deve essere identificato il Cameleonte che, secondo quanto riportato da Fozio in un estratto dallo storico Memnone di Eraclea ( Bibl. cod. 224, 9–25 = FGrHist

Theodorus [4] Panages

(843 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Theodorus [4] Panages | Θεόδωρος ὁ παναγής Identità: BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Atene (?) Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico forse di origine ateniese, soprannominato ὁ παναγής, questo Teodoro fu identificato da Jacoby 1923–1958, 3b ( Kommentar), p. 112 e n. 3, ( Noten), p. 80, sulla scia di Susemihl 1892, p. 188, col Teodoro a cui Ateneo ascrive le Ἀττικαὶ γλῶσσαι (14, 646c. 15, 678d) o Ἀττικαὶ φων…

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Dius

(1,522 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Flavia Cecchi è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dius | Δίος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: post 1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Secondo la testimonianza di uno scolio omerico ( Sch. ex. [vel Porph.] Il. 9, 453c), Dios sarebbe stato allievo di un Arpocrazione autore di un ὐπόμνημα al nono libro dell’ Iliade, o all’intero poema secondo la congettura di Heyne che sostituisce ἰλιάδος ad ῑ del ms. A (=> Harpocration [4]). Non è possibile identifi…

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Oribasius

(9,842 words)

Author(s): Buzzi, Serena
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Serena Buzzi è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Oribasius | Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος Luogo di provenienza: Pergamo Data: 4° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Oribasio (Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος), celebre medico ed erudito del 4° sec. d.C., vissuto intorno agli anni compresi fra 320 d.C. e il 390 d.C., viene considerato l’iniziatore dell’enciclopedismo bizantino nel settore della letteratura strumentale ( Gebrauchsliteratur: cfr. Garzya 1981; Ier…

Soteridas (Soteras)

(1,956 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Soteridas (Soteras) | Σωτηρίδας (Σωτήρας) Identità: Pauly-Wissowa Luogo di provenienza: Epidauro? Data: 1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Le notizie biografiche su questo grammatico sono tramandate da due articoli della Suda, probabilmente risalenti ad Esichio di Mileto (σ 875 e 876, s.v. Σωτηρίδας), ai quali va aggiunto quello riguardante Panfila (<=, π 139, s.v. Παμφίλη), che secondo l…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Cassius Longinus

(12,096 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Carla Castelli è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Emesa (?) Data: ̊3° sec. d. C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Filosofo neoplatonico, grammatico, retore, Cassio Longino nacque tra il 200 e il 213 (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). Il nomen Cassio è attestato dal lessico Suda (κ 645), che documenta altresì il rapporto di parentela col…
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