Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Apollonides

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A contemporary of the emperor Tiberius1, to whom he dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of Timon of Phlius2 (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonius of Nicaea was the author of philological works3 on various subjects. Stephanus of Byzant…

Sophocleus (Sophocles)

(2,379 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007 – 20/09/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sophocleus (Sophocles) | Σοφόκλειος (Σοφοκλῆς) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The scholar Sophocleus (this is the form of the name that is considered correct [C. Wendel, Die Überlieferung der Scholia zu Apollonios von Rhodos, ‘Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der wissenschaften zu Gött…

Basilides

(1,859 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Basilides | Βασιλείδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Basilides was the author of a work entitled Περὶ Ὁμηρικῆς λέξεως; a certain Cratinus1 composed an epitome of this that is cited in the Etymologica2 through Alexander Cotiaeus3 (cf. EGen. α 1167 and 11944). This last scholar, whose death can be da…

Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus

(4,218 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus | Μινούκιος Πακᾶτος Εἰρηναῖος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A student of the metrician Heliodorus1, Irenaeus flourished probably in the mid-1st c. CE. For his dating the citation in the Hippocratean lexicon of Erotianus2 (fr. 60, 1-8; cf. Cohn 1905, 2120…

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Iubas [1] II

(19,881 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 […

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Ister [1]

(9,768 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [1] | Ἴστρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Paphos? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about Ister’s homeland is contradictory: the Suda1 (ι 706, FGrHist 334 T 1) wavers between Cyrene and Macedonia (Κυρηναῖος ἢ Μακεδών; the entry Ἴστρος in the Suda is in all likelihood the resul…

Pamphila

(4,852 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Epidauro Data: 1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Essenziali notizie biografiche su Panfila sono contenute nella Suda (π 139) e nel cod. 175 della Biblioteca di Fozio, riguardante la sua opera storiografica. Probabilmente era figlia del grammatico Soteridas (=> Soteridas [Soteras]), nonostan…

Eudaemon

(6,351 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Pelusio Data: 4° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e poeta, contemporaneo di Libanio di cui era amico e corrispondente epistolare (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633), nato intorno al 314–324 e morto prima del 392 (così Kaster 1988, p. 279). Da non confondere con il più giovane Eudemone, insegnante …

Lupercus

(3,988 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 06/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lupercus | Λούπερκος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Berytus Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Lupercus, a grammarian from Berytus, was born or, more probably, flourished according to the Suda1 a little before the brief reign of the Emperor Claudius II2 (268/270 CE; for the participle γεγονώς as indicating the acmé of a career …

Helladius [3]

(3,426 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Helladius [3] | Ἑλλάδιος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Alessandria Data: 4°–5° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Sacerdote di Zeus ad Alessandria, Elladio visse sotto Teodosio II e, coinvolto nei tumulti seguiti alla distruzione del Serapeum, nel 391 dovette rifugiarsi a Costantinopoli. Là fu maestro di Socrate, l’autore della Storia Ecclesiastica (Socr. HE. 5, …

Hermogenes

(3,076 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 04/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermogenes | Ἑρμογένης Identity: BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Details about the life and the vast production of Hermogenes are known from an inscription from Smyrna ( CIG 3311 = Kaibel, Epigr. Gr. 305 = IGRom 4, 1445) that should have been his funerary epigraph: in it, after two intr…

Nicanor [3]

(10,422 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermi…

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…
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